Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 9
  • Publication
    JAV ir Rusijos įvaizdžiai Lietuvos užsienio politikos tapatybės kontekste
    [The U.S. and Russia’s images in the context of Lithuanian foreign policy identity]
    research article
    Politikos mokslų almanachas [elektroninis išteklius]. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 14 (2013), p. 7-34
    In present article internal factors influencing Lithuanian foreign policy iden- tity are analysed: the image of Russia and the United States in the context of Lithuanian foreign policy identity, constructed by two important Lithuanian institutions (President and mass media of Lithuania) is researched. The article aims to compare Russia’s and the U.S. image, constructed on two different levels: in the official rhetorics of Lithuanian president and in Lithuanian mass media. The comparison is made on the basis of following criteria: perception of Russia and the U.S. as “Other” of Lithuanian foreign policy identity; perception of mutual interests, perception of interests that differ.
      34  93
  • Publication
    Kas yra švelnioji galia? Sąvokos ribos ir empirinių tyrimų metodologijos apmatai
    [What is soft power? Conceptual limitations and methodological guidelines]
    research article
    Politikos mokslų almanachas [elektroninis išteklius]. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 14 (2013), p. 37-61
    The concept of “soft power”, although widely used, does not have an agreed- upon meaning or a well defined place within the international relations theory(-ies). The author of this concept Joseph S. Nye, conventionally as- sociated with neoliberal theory, has been heavily criticized by constructiv- ists, implying that the researches on soft power could / should be grounded in constructivist methodology. Soft power, by definition, has its roots in the social structure of international system, which is best approached in con- structivist manner. This article is an attempt to develope a more consistent conception of soft power and more explicit methodological instructions for empirical research. The methodology proposed here includes: 1) a deeper inquiry into the social structure mentioned above and 2) an explanation of a particular event where soft power was exercised. These two dimensions supplement each other and are meant to comprise a single design of a com- prehensive research.
      183  130
  • Publication
    Saint George, the dragonslayer : the symbolism of ‘responsibility to protect’
    [Šv. Jurgis – drakonų skerdikas : atsakomybės apsaugoti simbolizmas]
    research article
    Politikos mokslų almanachas. Kaunas ; Vilnius : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas ; Versus aureus, 2013, [Nr.] 14, p. 63-89
    Although state sovereignty remains a central issue in international relations, the content of this concept has become a highly debatable issue. This is especially the case in the modern era of globalisation, increased interdependence and, especially, prevalence of human rights discourse. More often than not, sovereignty is rendered contingent on the states’ ability to protect the basic rights of their citizens and to comply with the demands set forth by the international community. The article analyses the genesis and application of Responsibility to Protect – a relatively new framework for the international community to intervene where the aforementioned criteria are not met – without prejudice as to its ethical foundations but with an intention to put forward the challenges relating to the application of this framework. Analysing the current discourse relating to Responsibility to Protect and considering the history of past interventions on humanitarian grounds, the author argues that the idea of protection is left open for possible misuses by the most powerful actors within the international system and for attempts to hijack the very meaning of ‘humanity’ and ‘protection’ in order to deprive the enemy of any legitimate stance. The author also uses the myth of Saint George to further explore the symbolism of Responsibility to Protect as a battle between the forces of good and evil as an archetypical structure of thought.
      33  79
  • Publication
    ES bendrosios saugumo ir gynybos politikos civilinės misijos : nenulinės sumos žaidimas
    [Eu CSDP civilian missions: not a zero-sum game]
    research article
    Politikos mokslų almanachas [elektroninis išteklius]. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 14 (2013), p. 91-112
    The paper aims at contributing to discussion regarding the role of the civilian Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions. The EU intends to strengthen itself as a provider of international security, although its CSDP related capabilities are under constant criticism. The paper has two tasks: first, to provide information about the place of CSDP civilian missions in EU crisis management efforts, and second, identify the benefits provided by such missions to the goals of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Presumably, the impact of the missions could be traced following the deve- lopments in the host countries assessed by internationally recognisable inde- xes. The study hints at some reasons why the missions are beneficial throw description of civilian EU crisis management procedures, information con- cerning the capability development, depiction of existing civilian missions and finally and, the most important, by attempts to assess the impact of some on-going CSDP civilian missions in particular areas.
      109  84
  • Publication
    Populistinės ideologijos partijos Baltijos šalyse 2011–2012 m
    [Populist ideology parties in Baltic states during 2011-2012 elections period]
    research article
    Politikos mokslų almanachas [elektroninis išteklius]. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 14 (2013), p. 115-137
    Despite the complicated and ambiguous concept of populism, researches of populism phenomena are spreading in the field of political sciences. Howe- ver, analysis of populism in baltic states region are still scarce. The aim of this article is to review the leading theoretical approaches of populism studies and to prove that the most relevant standpoint is to treat populism as a thin ideology, also to investigate political parties programs during the parliament election period of 2011-2012. Three criterions of populist ideology were adapted in this research. Results have shown that there were 10 populist ideology parties in baltic states: 4 in Lithuania, 3 in Latvia and 3 in Estonia. However, they have a very different significance in the political system. Three populist ideology parties entered national parliaments: “Order and Justice” and “Way of Courage” in Lithuania and Centre Party in Estonia. Moreover, Estonia has the greatest number of voters who choose populist ideology parties and this number is irrelevant in Latvia. This outcome could be explained by the fact that Estonian party system is the most consolidated, whereas political parties in Latvia generally lack concrete ideological stances.
      216  93