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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Gvaldaitė, Lijana
Title: Klinikinis socialinis darbas: metodologija, praktika ir supervizija
Other Title: Clinical social work: methodology, practice and supervision
Is part of: Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai, 2018, nr. 22(2), p. 95-121
Date: 2018
Keywords: Klinikinis socialinis darbas;Santykiai socialiniame darbe;Supervizija;Clinical social work;Relationships in social work;Supervision
Abstract: Klinikinis socialinis darbas (Clinical social work – CSW) – JAV ir kitose Vakarų šalyse keletą dešimtmečių plėtojama socialinio darbo praktika, kuria siekiama padi¬dinti ir išlaikyti psichosocialinį individų, šeimų ir grupių funkcionavimą, užtikrinti žmogaus teisių ir socialinio teisingumo principus. Šio metodo pavyzdžių aptinkama ir Lietuvos socialiniame darbe – daugiau praktikos nei moksliniame, akademiniame lygmenyse. Straipsnyje nagrinėjami šio metodo samprata ir raida, rekomendacijos ir taikymo galimybės užsienio bei Lietuvos socialinės pagalbos kontekstuose, aptariama supervizijos, kaip neatskiriamos CSW proceso dalies, vieta ir reikšmė.
Clinical Social Work (CSW) is generally defined as practice specializa¬tion used to enhance human well-being and to increase social justice outcomes. CSW refers to different theories and models of social work, psychology, and sociology. This is one of the most popular methods of social work, created and predominantly widespread in the USA, where rigorous standards and requirements have been formed to be able to practice it as a professional social work method. In Lithuania there is a lack of studies and research on this method. However, there are examples of CSW practices, particularly in hospital social work and in many other areas, such as mental health, psychical disorders, disabilities, addictions, the field of violence, different areas of work with families and children, adolescent problems, fostering and adoption, and others. Some of these areas have created real specializa¬tions or programs, often taken and adapted from foreign countries for the Lithuanian context. These existing practices are neither called and clearly identified with CSW, nor analyzed and conceptualized from the point of view of epistemology and methodology of social work. There is neither a special university education nor professional training to prepare for specialization in CSW. Another important dimension is that CSW requires the use of super¬vision which could be defined as a professional practice consultation that helps social workers in the relationship with professional supervi¬sor reflect on their work situation as well as the emotional conditions and judgement. In Western countries where CSW has long-standing traditions the use of supervision is a requirement for using the CSW method. This trend is also developing in Lithuania, but due to the lack of resources and insufficient recognition by the institutions and social workers themselves, supervision still has limited possibilities. Thus, it can be assumed that CSW development is related to the development of supervision. Finally, the social work practices existing in Lithuania can be better reflected and generalized as important professional paradigms for the professionalization and scientific development of social work in Lithuania.
Appears in Collections:Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai / Social Work. Experience and Methods 2018, nr. 22 (2)

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