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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)
Author(s): Gidlow, Christopher J;Smith, Graham;Martinez, David;Wilson, Richard;Trinder, Paul;Gražulevičienė, Regina;Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J
Title: Research note: natural environments and prescribing in England
Is part of: Landscape and urban planning Amsterdam: Elsevier B. V., 2016, Vol. 151
Extent: p. 103-108
Date: 2016
Note: This study was conducted as part of PHENOTYPE project (Positive Health Effects of the Natural Outdoor Environment in Typical Populations in Different Regions in Europe) ( funded by the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (Grant No. 282996). Impact factor 3,037
Keywords: Nature;Mental health;Anti-depressants;Cardiovascular disease
Abstract: Studies using routinely gathered data increasingly show associations between area-level green space and health. However, the environment exposure measures often include only urban green space and there has been limited use of prescribing data as a proxy health indicator. This brief report presents a small-area ecological study of associations between natural environment (including private gardens and water) and the volume and cost of prescribing for cardiovascular conditions and depression in England, with confirmatory analysis using all-cause mortality (in adults aged 15–65 years). Using Besag, York and Molliè (BYM) models to adjust for known confounders and unaccounted-for spatial autocorrelation, we found a statistically significant association of lower mortality in areas with higher area density of natural environment, which was strongest in more deprived areas. There was some evidence of a positive association between cardiovascular prescribing and area density of natural environment, with a non-significant trend towards lower anti-depressant prescribing in areas with higher natural environment density. Apparently beneficial relationships between all cause mortality and natural environment were not observed for prescribing data, but we advocate further exploration focusing on prescribing for mental health and other conditions with plausible links
Affiliation(s): Aplinkotyros katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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