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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)
Author(s): Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J;Smith, Rachel;Golfinopoulos, Spyros;Best, Nicky;Bennett, James;Aggazzotti, Gabriella;Righi, Elena;Fantuzzi, Guglielmina;Bucchini, Luca;Cordier, Sylvaine;Villanueva, Cristina M;Moreno, Victor;La Vecchia, Carlo;Bosetti, Cristina;Vartiainen, Terttu;Rautiu, Radu;Toledano, Mireille;Iszatt, Nina;Gražulevičienė, Regina;Kogevinas, Manolis
Title: Health impacts of long-term exposure to disinfection by-products in drinking water in Europe : HIWATE
Is part of: Journal of water and health. London : IWA Publishing, Vol. 7, no. 2 (2009)
Extent: p. 185-207
Date: 2009
Keywords: Cancer;Chlorination;Disinfection;Products;Epidemiology;Risk assessment;Reproductive health
Abstract: There appears to be very good epidemiological evidence for a relationship between chlorination by-products, as measured by trihalomethanes (THMs), in drinking water and bladder cancer, but the evidence for other cancers, including colorectal cancer appears to be inconclusive and inconsistent. There appears to be some evidence for a relationship between chlorination by-products, as measured by THMs, and small for gestational age (SGA)/intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and preterm delivery, but evidence for other outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), stillbirth, congenital anomalies and semen quality appears to be inconclusive and inconsistent. The overall aim of the HIWATE study is to investigate potential human health risks (e.g. bladder and colorectal cancer, premature births, SGA, semen quality, stillbirth, congenital anomalies) associated with long-term exposure to low levels of disinfectants (such as chlorine) and DBPs occurring in water for human consumption and use in the food industry. The study will comprise risk–benefit analyses including quantitative assessments of risk associated with microbial contamination of drinking water versus chemical risk and will compare alternative treatment options. The outcome will be improved risk assessment and better information for risk management. The work is divided into different topics (exposure assessment, epidemiology, risk assessment and management) and studies
Affiliation(s): Aplinkotyros katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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