Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/45403
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dc.contributor.authorCyrys, Josef-
dc.contributor.authorEeftens, Marloes-
dc.contributor.authorHeinrich, Joachim-
dc.contributor.authorAmpe, Christophe-
dc.contributor.authorArmengaud, Alexandre-
dc.contributor.authorBeelen, Rob-
dc.contributor.authorBellander, Tom-
dc.contributor.authorBeregszaszi, Timea-
dc.contributor.authorBirk, Matthias-
dc.contributor.authorCesaroni, Giulia-
dc.contributor.authorCirach, Marta-
dc.contributor.authorHoogh, Kees de-
dc.contributor.authorNazelle, Audrey de-
dc.contributor.authorVocht, Frank de-
dc.contributor.authorDeclercq, Christophe-
dc.contributor.authorDėdelė, Audrius-
dc.contributor.authorDimakopoulou, Konstantina-
dc.contributor.authorEriksen, Kirsten-
dc.contributor.authorGalassi, Claudia-
dc.contributor.authorGražulevičienė, Regina-
dc.contributor.authorGrivas, Georgios-
dc.contributor.authorGruzieva, Olena-
dc.contributor.authorGustafsson, Annika Hagenbjörk-
dc.contributor.authorHoffmann, Barbara-
dc.contributor.authorIakovides, Minas-
dc.contributor.authorIneichen, Alex-
dc.contributor.authorKrämer, Ursula-
dc.contributor.authorLanki, Timo-
dc.contributor.authorLozano, Patricia-
dc.contributor.authorMadsen, Christian-
dc.contributor.authorMeliefste, Kees-
dc.contributor.authorModig, Lars-
dc.contributor.authorMölter, Anna-
dc.contributor.authorMosler, Gioia-
dc.contributor.authorNieuwenhuijsen, Mark-
dc.contributor.authorNonnemacher, Michael-
dc.contributor.authorOldenwening, Marieke-
dc.contributor.authorPeters, Annette-
dc.contributor.authorPontet, Sabrina-
dc.contributor.authorProbst-Hensch, Nicole-
dc.contributor.authorQuass, Ulrich-
dc.contributor.authorRaaschou-Nielsen, Ole-
dc.contributor.authorRanzi, Andrea-
dc.contributor.authorSugiri, Dorothee-
dc.contributor.authorStephanou, Euripides G-
dc.contributor.authorTaimisto, Pekka-
dc.contributor.authorTsai, Ming-Yi-
dc.contributor.authorVaskövi, Éva-
dc.contributor.authorVillani, Simona-
dc.contributor.authorWang, Meng-
dc.contributor.authorBrunekreef, Bert-
dc.contributor.authorHoek, Gerard-
dc.coverage.spatialNL-
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-06T21:05:11Z-
dc.date.available2018-10-06T21:05:11Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.issn13522310-
dc.identifier.otherVDU02-000012486-
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231012007716-
dc.description.abstractThe ESCAPE study (European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects) investigates long-term effects of exposure to air pollution on human health in Europe. This paper documents the spatial variation of measured NO2 and NOx concentrations between and within 36 ESCAPE study areas across Europe. In all study areas NO2 and NOx were measured using standardized methods between October 2008 and April 2011. On average, 41 sites were selected per study area, including regional and urban background as well as street sites. The measurements were conducted in three different seasons, using Ogawa badges. Average concentrations for each site were calculated after adjustment for temporal variation using data obtained from a routine monitor background site. Substantial spatial variability was found in NO2 and NOx concentrations between and within study areas; 40% of the overall NO2 variance was attributable to the variability between study areas and 60% to variability within study areas. The corresponding values for NOx were 30% and 70%. The within-area spatial variability was mostly determined by differences between street and urban background concentrations. The street/urban background concentration ratio for NO2 varied between 1.09 and 3.16 across areas. The highest median concentrations were observed in Southern Europe, the lowest in Northern Europe. In conclusion, we found significant contrasts in annual average NO2 and NOx concentrations between and especially within 36 study areas across Europe. Epidemiological long-term studies should therefore consider different approaches for better characterization of the intra-urban contrasts, either by increasing of the number of monitors or by modellingen
dc.description.sponsorshipAplinkotyros katedra-
dc.description.sponsorshipVytauto Didžiojo universitetas-
dc.format.extentp. 374-390-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.relation.ispartofAtmospheric environment. Amsterdam, Netherlands : Elsevier B.V., 2012, vol. 62-
dc.relation.isreferencedbyScience Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science)-
dc.relation.isreferencedbyScienceDirect-
dc.subjectAir pollutionen
dc.subjectLong termen
dc.subjectTrafficen
dc.subjectSpatial variationen
dc.subjectESCAPE studyen
dc.subject.otherEkologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)-
dc.titleVariation of NO2 and NOx concentrations between and within 36 European study areas : results from the ESCAPE studyen
dc.typeStraipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000311188200039-
dcterms.bibliographicCitation59-
dc.date.updated2020-09-18T13:18Z-
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crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptAplinkotyros katedra-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptAplinkotyros katedra-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
crisitem.author.deptPolitikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas-
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