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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Politikos mokslai / Political sciences (S002)
Author(s): Petraitytė-Briedienė, Asta
Title: Diplomatijos šefas : Stasio Lozoraičio įgaliojimai
Other Title: The Lithuanian diplomatic service and Stasys Lozoraitis‘s powers
Is part of: Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2009, nr. 2 (8)
Extent: p. 96-114
Date: 2009
Keywords: Diplomatija;Lozoraitis, Stasys;Įgaliojimai;Diplomacy;Lozoraitis, Stasys;Powers
Abstract: In early June of 1940 Lithuania‘s Foreign Minister Juozas Urbšys sent a telegram (No. 288) to Lithuania‘s missions abroad. The most often cited sentence from it is the last: “Should catastrophe strike us here, you are to regard Lozoraitis as the chief of our diplomatic service abroad, Klimas as the first deputy, and Šaulys as the second.” When the Soviets occupied Lithuania a few weeks later, this telegram fragment became the start of Lithuanian exile diplomacy. For more than six decades the Lithuanian Diplomatic Service (LDS ) was active abroad as the only remaining state institution of Lithuania. The telegram‘s last sentence, possibly just an afterthought, raises many questions even today. The archives of the diplomats themselves, recollections of their contemporaries, and Lithuanian historiography yield somewhat different versions of that telegram‘s text. Thus this article investigates the circumstances and motives surrounding the naming of the LDS Chief and his deputies as well as the problems involved in passing on these duties to others. Stasys Lozoraitis served as LDS Chief for more than 40 years. As his first deputy Petras Klimas was imprisoned and deported to Siberia, and the second, Dr. Jurgis Šaulys, died in 1948, Lozoraitis remained alone among the three persons mentioned in the telegram. The question of his succession and deputies was discussed several times in the ranks of the LDS itself. It was especially pressing in 1957 with the death of Povilas Žadeikis, Lithuania‘s envoy to Washington when Lozoraitis himself was slated to be his successor. But only in 1978 did Lozoraitis in a separate document name Dr. Stasys Antanas Bačkis as the LDS Chief‘s deputy and empower him to take over his duties in the case of his death.[...]
Affiliation(s): Humanitarinių mokslų fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2009, nr. 2(8)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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