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Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archeology (H005)
Author(s): Kamuntavičienė, Vaida
Title: Vienuolių skaičiaus kaita Kauno benediktinių vienuolyne XIX a
Other Title: Kaunas Benedictine convent : quantity dynamic of sisters in the 19th century
Is part of: Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 49 (2014)
Extent: p. 37-50
Date: 2014
Note: e-ISSN 2335-8785
Keywords: Kaunas;Benediktinių vienuolynas;Rusijos okupacija 19 a;Kaunas;Benedictine convent;Russian occupation in the 19th century
Abstract: Straipsnyje, remiantis rankraštiniais šaltiniais, daugiausia Kauno benediktinių vienuolyno ataskaitomis caro administracijai apie vienuolyno sudėtį, vizitacijų medžiaga, susirašinėjimo su bažnytine vyresnybe medžiaga ir pan. dokumentais, aptariama Kauno benediktinių vienuolyno sudėtis 1795–1905 m., įvertinamas Rusijos imperijos vykdytos politikos poveikis seserų skaičiaus kaitai. Tyrimo metu nustatyta, kad per tiriamą laikotarpį vienuolynas pasipildė apie 60 naujų vienuolių, tačiau 30 iš jų buvo atkelta iš kitų uždarytų ar ketintų uždaryti vienuolynų. Straipsnis parengtas pagal Lietuvos mokslo tarybos finansuotą projektą (sutarties Nr. MIP-104/2012)
The article analyzes the composition of Kaunas Benedictine convent from 1795 until 1905. The research is based on handwritten sources, mostly on reports of the convent to the Tsar administration, materials of visitations, the correspondence with the superiors of the Church and other documents. The impact of Russian authorities on the dynamics of the number of sisters in the convent has been taken into account. The research showed that the number of sisters had increased during the investigated period by approximately 60 new members, but 30 of them were moved from other closed or planned to be closed convents: Benedictine convents in Vilnius, Slonim and Kražiai, as well as Bernardine one in Kaunas. Chronologically, the period has been divided into three parts: 1795–1842, 1842–1864 and 1864–1905. The research focuses on the dynamics of change in the number of sisters and on the problems that occurred when admitting new members. During the first period, 1795–1842, Napoleon’s war with Russia, weak economical situation of Kaunas Benedictine convent and the construction of new convent’s house in the years of 1818–1828 were the main obstacles that halted the increase in the number of members of Kaunas Benedictine convent. At the time when new convent house was in the process of construction, sisters of Kaunas Benedictine convent lived in Vilnius and Nesvizh Benedictine convents. Two more sisters temporarily lived in Kaunas Bernardine convent and kept care of construction works. Despite these troubles, during this period 14 novices made eternal professions in Kaunas. There were approximately 9 to 13 of sisters of St Benedict in Kaunas. During the second period, 1842–1864, Kaunas Benedictine convent was turned into the first class tenure. 19 sisters were allowed by the Tsarist’s regime to live in this convent. [...]
Affiliation(s): Humanitarinių mokslų fakultetas
Istorijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:SOTER: religijos mokslo žurnalas / SOTER: Journal of Religious Science 2014, nr. 49(77)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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