Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Balkus, Mindaugas
Title: Kauno miesto gatvių infrastruktūros plėtra XX a. 3-4 dešimtmečiais
Other Title: The development of street infrastructure in Kaunas during the 1920s and 1930s
Is part of: Kauno istorijos metraštis. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, T. 11 (2011)
Extent: p. 95-109
Date: 2011
Keywords: Kauno miestas;Gatvių infrastruktūros plėtra;20 amžiaus;3-4 dešimtmetis;Kaunas;Development of street infrastructure;1920-1930 years
Abstract: This article analyzes the evolution of street infrastructure in Kaunas during the 1920s and 1930s. It examines this topic in the context of urban evolution, with an emphasis on the urban development processes. The author describes the main streets that were built and paved in Kaunas during this period and discusses street paving methods and the organization of paving labor. The article provides statistical information on the volume and dynamics of street paving, as well as on the main trends of street infrastructure development. It also introduces the main problems of street infrastructure during that time period. During the period of the first Republic of Lithuania (1918–1940), Kaunas experienced a significant urban transformation. The city’s territory grew sevenfold. The annexed regions were not urbanized and had hardly any street infrastructure. Therefore, their integration into the urban whole of the city was a long-term process that required many financial resources and was still not finished at the end of the 1930s. In the beginning of the 1920s, several streets in Kaunas were still paved with simple stones; the former fortress roads were covered with macadam; and sidewalks were made of wood. Until 1927, proprietors of premises in the city of Kaunas had to perform yearly repairs of street paving. In 1927, responsibility for paving the streets of Kaunas was given to the municipality. As a result, street paving labor quality improved, modern materials (stone setts, bitumen, silicate bricks, asphalt and others) began to be used, and the extent of paving activities increased. At the end of the 1930s, about 50 % of the total street network was paved in the city and pavements made of cement bricks began to replace wooden sidewalks. However, most of the streets still remained paved with simple field stones
Affiliation(s): Istorijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Kauno istorijos metraštis 2011, nr. 11
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

Files in This Item:
Show full item record
Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats
Export to Other Non-XML Formats

CORE Recommender

Page view(s)

checked on Jun 6, 2021


checked on Jun 6, 2021

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.