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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)
Author(s): Kruize, Hanneke;Kamp, Irene van;Berg, Magdalena van den;Kempen, Elise van;Wendel-Vos, Wanda;Ruijsbroek, Annemarie;Swart, Wim;Maas, Jolanda;Gidlow, Christopher;Smith, Graham;Ellis, Naomi;Hurst, Gemma;Masterson, Daniel;Triguero-Mas, Margarita;Cirach, Marta;Gražulevičienė, Regina;Hazel, Peter van den;Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark
Title: Exploring mechanisms underlying the relationship between the natural outdoor environment and health and well-being – results from the PHENOTYPE project
Is part of: Environment international. Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V., 2020, vol. 134
Extent: p. 1-10
Date: 2020
Note: article no. 105173
Keywords: GIS;Sveikata;Aplinka;Naudojimas;Natural outdoor environment (NOE);GIS;Study population;General health;Green spaces
Abstract: Background Despite the large number of studies on beneficial effects of the natural outdoor environment (NOE) on health, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Objective This study explored the relations between amount, quality, use and experience of the NOE; and physical activity, social contacts and mental well-being. Methods In this cross-sectional study, data on GIS-derived measures of residential surrounding greenness (NDVI), NOE within 300 m, and audit data on quality of the streetscape were combined with questionnaire data from 3947 adults in four European cities. These included time spent in NOE (use); and perceived greenness, and satisfaction with and importance given to the NOE (experience). Physical activity, social contacts and mental health were selected as key outcome indicators. Descriptive and multilevel analyses were conducted both on pooled data and for individual cities. Results More minutes spent in the NOE were associated with more minutes of physical activity, a higher frequency of social contacts with neighbors, and better mental well-being. Perceived greenness, satisfaction with and importance of the NOE, were other strong predictors of the outcomes, while GIS measures of NOE and streetscape quality were not. We found clear differences between the four cities. Conclusions Use and experience of the natural outdoor environment are important predictors for beneficial effects of the natural outdoor environment and health. Future research should focus more on these aspects to further increase our understanding of these mechanisms, and needs to take the local context into account
Affiliation(s): Aplinkotyros katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:1. Straipsniai / Articles
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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