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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Miškotyra / Forestry (A004)
Author(s): Jonsson, Bengt Gunnar;Svensson, Johan;Mikusiński, Grzegorz;Manton, Michael;Angelstam, Per
Title: European Union’s last intact forest landscapes are at a value chain crossroad between multiple use and intensified wood production
Is part of: Forests. Basel : MDPI AG, 2019, vol. 10, iss. 7
Extent: p. 1-21
Date: 2019
Keywords: Green belt;Amenity values;Biodiversity conservation;Continuous cover forestry;Bioeconomy;Rural development;Forest policy;Comprehensive planning;Landscape stewardship;Sustainability
Abstract: The European Union’s last large intact forest landscapes along the Scandinavian Mountain range in Sweden o er unique opportunities for conservation of biodiversity, ecological integrity and resilience. However, these forests are at a crossroad between intensified wood production aimed at bio-economy, and rural development based on multi-functional forest landscapes for future-oriented forest value chains. Background and Objectives:We (1) estimate the area of near-natural forests potentially remaining for forest harvesting and wood production, or as green infrastructure for biodiversity conservation and human well-being in rural areas, (2) review how forest and conservation policies have so far succeeded to reduce the loss of mountain forests, and (3) discuss what economic, socio-cultural and ecological values that are at stake, as well as different governance and management solutions.Materials andMethods: First, we estimated the remaining amount of intact mountain forests using (1) the Swedish National Forest Inventory, (2) protected area statistics, (3) forest harvest permit applications and actually harvested forests, (4) remote sensing wall-to-wall data on forests not subject to clear-felling since the mid-1950s, (5) mapping of productive and non-productive forestland, and (6) estimates of mean annual final felling rate. Second, we review policy documents related to the emergence of land use regulation in north Sweden, including the mountain forest border, and illustrate this with an actual case that has had significant policy implementation importance. Results: There is a clear difference between the proportions of formally protected productive forestland above the mountain forest border (52.5%) and north Sweden in general (6.3%). A total of 300,000 ha of previously not clear-felled mountain forest outside protected areas remain, which can support novel value chains that are not achievable elsewhere
Affiliation(s): Miško biologijos ir miškininkystės institutas
Miškų ir ekologijos fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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