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Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Malonaitis, Arvydas
Title: Rumbonių kirvis
Other Title: Axe of Rumbonys
Is part of: Istorija : mokslo darbai. , [T.] 99, nr.3 (2015)
Extent: p. 5-17
Date: 2015
Keywords: Rumbonių piliakalnis;Nemunas;Plačiaašmenis kirvis;Kotas;Aukojimas vandenyje;Rumbonys mound;Nemunas River;Axe with a wide blade;Haft;Sacrifice in water
Abstract: Straipsnyje aptariamas 1968 m. Nemune, priešais Rumbonių piliakalnį, aptiktas vikingų laikų ir ikivalstybinio laikotarpio (vėlyvojo geležies amžiaus) kirvis su kotu, šiuo metu saugomas Alytaus kraštotyros muziejuje (AKM GEK 3211). Dėmesį šiam kirviui lėmė dvi aplinkybės: pirma, didžiosios koto dalies išlikimas – turima bemaž pilna įrankio konstrukcija, antra, kirvis rastas Nemune ir, galimas dalykas, liudija apie tuometinius papročius. Pateikiami jo parametrai, aptariami metalinės dalies pavidalo bruožai, pristatomi svarstymai apie koto ilgio nustatymą, daroma prielaida, kad kirvis galėjo būti auka. Straipsnyje pateikiamos aptariamo kirvio iliustracijos
The article discusses an axe with a haft dating back to the Viking Age and the pre-state period (Late Iron Age) which was found in the Nemunas River in front of the Rumbonys mound in 1968 and is currently kept at Alytus Regional Museum (AKM GEM 3211). Though the axe is considerably decayed, its shape features are rather clearly expressed; therefore, it is attributable to type IV subtype II. As a result of corrosion, we cannot tell whether there were any special features (dents, tiny grooves, hammered strips, etc.). The impact of corrosion highlighted certain properties of production – the axe is made of the so called “package” material template. The haft also features the signs of decay but it is not decomposed; it is rather firm, except for its end (about 5 cm) which has already turned into fibres. The surface is rough; it is brown or black in some places. The haft thickness is uneven; it narrows from the head towards the end; the haft was attached to the metal part by inserting it to the head at the front side. An additional wedge was not fitted at the end. Whereas the end is already broken down into fibres, it is difficult to tell its true length. Despite that, it is probably the only case in Lithuania when we have a tool of nearly complete structure dating to the Iron Age in Lithuania. Considering that the axe was found in the Nemunas River, it can be assumed that it is the case of sacrifice in water. A significant confirmation of the above assumption is another axe found in the Nemunas River not far from this place (AKM EK 880/81). Though it is dated to a later period – 14th century–first half of the 15th century – it is nevertheless a proof of the continuity of the phenomenon, showing that our longest river was an important sacrifice site at a certain time in history
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Švietimo akademija
Appears in Collections:Istorija 2015, t. 97, nr. 1
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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