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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science Master Journal List / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science Master Journal List (S2)
Field of Science: Aplinkos inžinerija / Environmental engineering (T004)
Author(s): Čadro, Sabrija;Miseckaitė, Otilija;Gavrić, Teofil;Baublys, Raimundas;Žurovec, Jasminka
Title: Impact of climate change on the annual water balance in a humid climate
Is part of: Agriculture & Forestry. Podgorica, Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
Extent: p. 129-143
Date: 2018
Note: eISSN 1800-9492
Keywords: climate change;water balance;humid climate;Bosnia and Herzegovina;Lithuania
Abstract: Lithuania and Bosnia and Herzegovina are considered as countries with high vulnerability and low adaptive capacity to cope with climate change. The entire territory of these countries is characterized by the warming trend, with positive trends in both the maximum and the minimum temperatures throughout the year. The increase in air temperature has resulted in change of evapotranspiration and mean annual water balance values. These countries are also frequently faced with an occurrence of severe droughts and heavy floods. The main purpose of this study was to determine and compare the severity of changes in mean annual water balance for two humid climatic zones, in order to understand how different areas of similar climate characteristics react to climate change and to analyze the significance of their influence. Monthly weather data from two weather stations, Kaunas (Lithuania) and Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina), for the time period of 30 years (1988 – 2017) were used to determine and analyze the mean annual water balance. The results indicate that climate change has a different effect on the water balance of these two humid areas. Both locations showed a positive trend of reference evapotranspiration, with an increase of 1.450 mm year-1 to 1.503 mm year-1. However, the total runoff and soil moisture deficit are decreasing in Kaunas (-0.480 mm and -2.114 mm year-1, respectively), while they are increasing in Sarajevo (0.492 mm and 0.485 mm year-1, respectively)
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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