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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Miškotyra / Forestry (A004)
Author(s): Pretzsch, H;Río, M. del;Schütze, G;Ammer, Ch;Annighöfer, P;Avdagic, A;Barbeito, I;Bielak, K;Brazaitis, Gediminas;Coll, L;Drössler, L;Fabrika, M;Forrester, D.I;Kurylyak, V;Löf, M;Lombardi, F;Matovic, B;Mohren, F;Motta, R;Ouden, J. den;Pach, M;Ponette, Q;Skrzyszewski, J;Sramek, V;Sterba, H;Svoboda, M;Verheyen, K;Zlatanov, T;Bravo-Oviedo, A
Title: Mixing of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) enhances structural heterogeneity, and the effect increases with water availability
Is part of: Forest Ecology and Management. Amsterdam : Elsevier, Vol. 373 (2016)
Extent: p. 149-166
Date: 2016
Keywords: Additive mixing effect;Multiplicative mixing effect;Morphological variability
Abstract: The mixing of tree species with complementary ecological traits may modify forest functioning regarding productivity, stability, or resilience against disturbances. This may be achieved by a higher heterogeneity in stand structure which is often addressed but rarely quantified. Here, we use 32 triplets of mature and fully stocked monocultures and mixed stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) located along a productivity and water availability gradient through Europe to examine how mixing modifies the stand structure in terms of stand density, horizontal tree distribution pattern, vertical stand structure, size distribution pattern, and variation in tree morphology. We further analyze how site conditions modify these aspects of stand structure. For this typical mixture of a light demanding and shade tolerant species we show that (i) mixing significantly increases many aspects of structural heterogeneity compared with monocultures, (ii) mixing effects such as an increase of stand density
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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