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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Aplinkos inžinerija / Environmental engineering (T004)
Author(s): Stålnacke, Per;Aakerøy, Paul Andreas;Blicher-Mathiesen, Gitte;Iital, Arvo;Jansons, Viesturs;Koskiaho, Jari;Kyllmar, Katarina;Lagzdins, Ainis;Pengerud, Annelene;Povilaitis, Arvydas
Title: Temporal trends in nitrogen concentrations and losses from agricultural catchments in the Nordic and Baltic countries
Is part of: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. Amsterdam : Elsevier, Vol. 198 (2014)
Extent: p. 94-103
Date: 2014
Keywords: Agricultural streams;Baltic region;Concentrations;Losses;Monitoring;Nitrogen;Temporal trends
Abstract: Long-term monitoring data from catchments with relatively uniform land use is important in order to cover management needs such as implementation of various EU Directives. This paper in a uniform fashion examines the temporal trends in nitrogen (N) concentrations and losses from agricultural catchments in the Nordic and Baltic countries. Thirty-five (35) catchments (range 0.1–33 km2) in Norway (9), Denmark (5), Sweden (8), Finland (4), Estonia (3), Latvia (3) and Lithuania (3) were selected for this study. The longest time series were 23 years (1988–2010), while the shortest one was 10 years (2002–2011). The monthly nitrogen concentration and loss data series were tested for statistical trends (p < 0.05; two-sided test) using the partial Mann–Kendall (PMK) test with stream discharge as an explanatory variable. The study results show a large variation in nitrogen concentrations and losses among the studied catchments, with a large interannual variability in all catchments. For nitrogen losses, 11 statistically significant trends were detected. Nine of these were downward (four out of five Danish catchments; four out of eight in Sweden; one out of three in Finland). Upward trends were detected in two catchments (one in Estonia and one in Latvia). For nitrogen concentrations, 13 statistically significant trends were detected. 10 of these were downward. Among the 11 catchments that showed trends in nitrogen losses, nine catchments also showed statistically significant trends in the in-stream concentration series. In addition, three more Swedish catchments showed downward trends in the concentration series, and one Estonian catchment showed an upward trend. These results indicate that targeted strategies towards reduced nitrogen losses from agricultural land (as in the case of Denmark and Sweden) may significantly improve nutrient surface water quality in small agricultural catchments
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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