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Type of publication: conference paper
Type of publication (PDB): Tezės kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Theses in other peer-reviewed publications (T1e)
Field of Science: Agronomija / Agronomy (A001)
Author(s): Čepulienė, Rita;Velička, Rimantas;Kriaučiūnienė, Zita;Marcinkevičienė, Aušra;Pupalienė, Rita;Kosteckas, Robertas;Čekanauskas, Sigitas
Title: The influence of spring rape residues decomposed in the soil on weed germination
Is part of: 19-th Baltic agronomy forum : book of abstracts. Kėdainiai : Spaudvita, 2013
Extent: p. 29
Date: 2013
ISBN: 9789955637974
Abstract: Allelopathic effect of Brassicaceae plants on weeds germination during early growth is an important factor in agriculture.Modular field experiment was conducted in the Experimental Station of the Aleksandras Stulginskis University and laboratory tests were carried out in the laboratory of Agroecosystems and Soil Science Institute in 2011-2013 in order to evaluate the allelopathic effects of aqueous extracts of spring oilseed rape residues (threshing remains, stubble, roots) after harvesting and decomposed in the soil for a different duration (3, 7 and 14 months) on weeds emergence. Various concentrations: 1:6250,1:1250, 1:250, 1:50 and 1:10 (the ratio of rape residues and water) of aqueous extracts of spring rape residues were evaluated for phytotoxicity. Impacts of extracts on: Sinapis arvensis L., Tripleurospermum perforatum L. and Sonchus arvensis L., grown in Petri dishes on filter paper moistened with prepared aqueous extracts were determined in controlled growth chamber experiments. The total amount of phenolic compounds and optical density were estimated. It was estimated, that the total amount of phenolic compounds in the threshing remains and roots after 3 months decomposition in the soil significantly decreased from 26.9 to 30.2 %. After 7 months - significantly decreased from 13.5 to 22.6 % compared to the total amount of phenolic compounds in these residues after harvest. The total amount of phenolic compounds in the stubble after 7 and 14 months decomposition increased significantly (20.5 %) compared to the total amount of phenolic compounds in these residues after harvest. The highest optical density readings were obtained of aqueous extracts of spring oilseed rape threshing remains, and lowest - of spring oilseed rape roots. The optical density of 1:10 concentration of aqueous extract of all rape residues was by 4.0-12.4 times higher compared to that measured at lower concentrations
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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