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Type of publication: research article
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)
Author(s): Baležentienė, Ligita
Title: Multi-objective analysis of physiological and morphological responses of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to stress induced by low temperature during autumn acclimation
Is part of: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum: Agricultura. Lublin, Vol. 12(1) (2013)
Extent: p. 3-16
Date: 2013
Keywords: Foliar spraying;Liquid humic fertilizer;MULTIMOORA;Organic farming;Plant pigments;Pre-sowing seed dressing
Abstract: Based on the literature data, types of morphological and physiological changes occurring in plants during the process of autumn hardening were discussed, as an expression of adaptations to overwintering. They indicate that the level of plant preparation for surviving winter depends on the photosynthesis intensity, leaf area index (LAI) and the development of aboveground part and root system. It was assumed that the use of liquid humic fertilizers (LHF) for seed dressing and in the form of foliar application performed after emergences will have a favourable effect on intensification of processes which favour plant frost hardening. In two field experiments with winter wheat cv. irvinta conducted in Lithuania in systems of conventional and organic farming in 2010 and 2011, a number of analyses were performed on young plants. In the aboveground part, dry matter of leaves, LAI, the content of chlorophyll and carotenoids were determined, and gross productivity of photosynthesis was calculated, whereas in the underground part – the root area, their diameter and total length. It was shown that the application of LHF affects an increase in values of evaluated biometric indices, and thus, indirectly, contributes to enhancing the potential resistance of plants to stress induced with low temperature. The following ranking of plant responses to the combinations of LHF use in both cropping systems was established (in descending order of favourable effects): 1) pre-sowing seed dressing – the organic farming system, 2) seed dressing and foliar spraying – organic farming system, 3) without preparation – organic farming system, 4) pre-sowing seed dressing – conventional farming system, 5) foliar spraying – organic farming system, 6) without preparation – conventional farming system. This ranking was established based on the presented multi-objective optimization analysis MULTIMOORA
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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