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Type of publication: conference paper
Field of Science: Aplinkos inžinerija / Environmental engineering (T004)
Author(s): Gasiūnas, Valerijus
Title: Retention of nutrients in surface-flow constructed wetlands treating domestic wastewater
Is part of: Nordic water 2012 : catchment restoration and water protection : XXVII Nordic hydrological conference : abstracts / editors : Ritta Kamula, Bjorn Kløve, Hanna Arola. Oulu, 2012
Extent: p. 44
Date: 2012
ISBN: 9789514298943
Abstract: Constructed wetlands are considered to be one of the wastewater treatment methods. By construction, they may be designed as surface-flow wetlands. These are wastewater treatment systems in which the processes of pollutants removal occur while wastewater goes through the roots of plants in shallow ponds. The research was carried out in two wastewater treatment facilities of Lithuanian countryside. With regard to climatic conditions, Lithuania is considered as a country of cold climate. The amount of precipitation is 670 mm, average air temperature is 6.2 °C. The coldest month is January (-5.1 °C). Average temperatures are: in winter -4 °C, in spring 5.5 °C, in summer 16 °C, in autumn 7 °C. In winter period snow cover is 10-20 cm deep, frozen ground can reach 50-70 cm deep. Wastewater enters the first surface-flow filter after initial treatment in biological ponds, the second filter after treatment in septic tanks. For statistical data analysis 60 samples in different periods of 2003-2010 were taken. The load with total N in the first surface - flow filter reached 1.3±1.0, in the second one - 13.0±5.0 g rrf2 d"1. The results indicate that in the filter with lower load the average removal of total N reached 0.116 in winter and 0.20 g m"2 d"1 in summer time, while statistically significant difference in the higher load filter was not observed with removal of total N reaching 2.4-2.9 g rrf2 d'1. After treatment in filters, different forms and amounts of N is observed in water effluent. Increasing concentration of total N in water effluent determines higher amount of NH4-N. Filter in which total N concentration in effluent reached 24.6 mg I"1, contained 66.3% of ammonia nitrogen, while the second filter with the concentration of 62.0 mg I"1 contained 76.8%. This demonstrates that anaerobic conditions dominate in the filters
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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