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Type of publication: research article
Field of Science: Sociologija / Sociology (S005)
Author(s): Povilaitis, Romualdas
Title: Традиционная культура села как культура меньшинста современного общества
Other Title: Traditional Rural Culture as a Minority Culture in Contemporary Society
Is part of: Sabiedrība un kultūra : rakstu krājums. Liepaja : LiePA, 12 (2010)
Extent: p. 567-576
Date: 2010
Keywords: Countryside;Traditional culture;Cultural minorities
Abstract: The importance of the traditional rural culture is recognized in today's Europe for many reasons. One of them is that the traditional culture increasingly mutates to a culture of minority. It is related to transition to postindustrial society and evolution of the village. The number of rural population is declining and, currently, much of the rural population migrate abroad. Those who return to the countiyside are alien to its traditional culture. The countryside is ageing and number of population will decrease in future. The citizens increasingly penetrate is to the countryside, especially those near larger cities. They bring their culture to the countryside, often contrary to the traditional. The culture of poverty which is wide-spread in rural areas destroys the traditional culture too. The great changes in rural culture determine the decline of agricultural role. The village is becoming nonagrarian. The number of farmers and their share among rural population is decreasing. Land holdings are concentrated and family farms are unable to compete with large farms. The countryside is becoming increasingly diversified from the cultural point of view. The relation of separate population groups to traditional culture is different, especially with regard to age groups. The younger rural people are more remote from the traditional rural culture. Therefore, as the rural area is ageing, its traditional culture is declining rapidly. Some efforts to preserve the traditional rural culture are not sufficiently effective. The factors destroying the culture are stronger. In addition, reconstruction and maintenance of rural culture are often a facade and not exact. It only exists in commercial interests. This contradicts the nature of the traditional rural culture. Paradoxically, but some elements of the traditional rural culture appear in the modern city of nowadays. However, they can hardly preserve the spirit of traditional culture
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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