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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Ekonomika / Economics (S004)
Author(s): Kazakevičius, Zenonas
Title: Tiesioginės paramos Lietuvos ekologinės gamybos ūkiams efektyvumas
Other Title: Effectiveness of direct support of Lithuanian organic farming
Is part of: Vadybos mokslas ir studijos - kaimo verslų ir jų infrastruktūros plėtrai = Management theory and studies for rural business and infrastructure development: mokslo darbai / Lietuvos žemės ūkio universitetas. Akademija., 2010, Vol. 20(1)
Extent: p. 53-60
Date: 2010
Keywords: Ekologinis ūkininkavimas;Ekologinės gamybos ūkis;Tiesioginė parama;Tiesioginės išmokos;Pelnas;Direct support;Direct payoffs;Compensations;Organic farming;Organic farm
Abstract: Ekologinis ūkininkavimas populiarėja, sertifikuotų ekologinės gamybos ūkių skaičius ir plotas Lietuvoje didėja. Plėtrą sąlygoja ne tik vartotojų domėjimasis maisto produktų saugumu, bet ir žmonių susirūpinimas aplinkos kokybe, stabilia ir subalansuota tolesne ūkio plėtra. Be to šio gamybos būdo plėtrą Lietuvoje skatina ES ir nacionalinės paramos priemonių taikymas ekologinės gamybos ūkiams. Straipsnyje atliekamas tiesioginės paramos ekologinės gamybos ūkiams efektyvumo vertinimas, siekiant nustatyti, ar paramos apimtys neviršija visuomeninės naudos, gaunamos gaminant ekologiškus produktus
Organic farming in Lithuania is developing rapidly. Consumer interest about safety of organic food products and environmental protection is highly correlated with stability and sustainability of state economy. EU and national support is focused on organic production development in Lithuania. Organic farming started since 1993 with 148 ha of land in 9 certificated organic farms. Organic farming began to grow in 2008, then were registered 2 805 certificated organic farm, included 13 piscicultural farms, structured in 127362 ha of arable land, and presented to 5 percent of land for direct support payoffs. Average sized organic farm was 43.8 ha in 2008. Compensation order was applied to warrant gain from production in organic farms, and since 1997 the support started as direct payoffs and compensations. Survey consequences cover the fact, that economic production potential of organic and traditional farming is the same, but high disparities appeared in 2006-2008 as scope of agricultural production, when in traditional farmers farms were produced 18-40 percent per hectare more of plant production, and 25-39 percentage more of animal production. The financial gain and variable costs in organic farming sector in 2006-2008 was 2.5 times less than in traditional plant production, and 30 percent less than in animal production
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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