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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Sociologija / Sociology (S005)
Author(s): Garbenčiūtė, Lina
Title: Grįžtamoji migracija : protų susigrąžinimas ir prisitaikymo galimybės Lietuvoje
Other Title: Return migration: brain gain and possibilities of adaptation in Lithuania
Is part of: Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2012, nr. 3
Extent: p. 43-72
Date: 2012
Note: e-ISSN 2335-8726
Keywords: Migracija;Grįžtamoji migracija;Prisitaikymas;Žmogiškasis kapitalas;Return migration;Adaptation;Migration;Human capital
Abstract: Migracijos procesų tyrinėtojai dažniausiai susitelkia ties išvykstančiųjų gyventi į užsienio šalis tyrimais, o į Tėvynę grįžusių asmenų prisitaikymas ir motyvacija likti gyventi bei dirbti Lietuvoje sulaukia mažiau dėmesio. Žinant, su kokiomis problemomis susiduria nusprendusieji grįžti į kilmės šalis, galima būtų tobulinti ir išplėsti grįžtamajai migracijai skatinti skirtas priemones, suprasti, kaip geriau panaudoti grįžusiųjų potencialą. Šiame straipsnyje analizuojamas prisitaikymo kilmės šalyje procesas – į Lietuvą grįžusių lietuvių galimybės prisitaikyti ir motyvacija pasilikti gyventi Lietuvoje. Tyrinėjama, į kokias aplinkas patenka parvykę asmenys, ar ir kaip jiems pavyksta įsitvirtinti bei panaudoti sukauptą žmogiškąjį kapitalą, su kokiomis problemomis susiduriama. Straipsnis grindžiamas autorės atlikto kokybinio tyrimo duomenimis
The article analyzes return migration to Lithuania, the returnees’ possibilities of adaptation, and their motivations to remain in the country. The aim is to reveal and evaluate person’s motivation to return and possibilities of adaptation. The object of this work is persons who have returned to Lithuania after living a substantial amount of time abroad, who are trying to use their accumulated experience in their homeland. The article analysis is based on original empirical research on the adaptation processes of returnees to Lithuania, employing the half-structured interview method. Dynamic systems access was used organizing the questionnaire and analysis of the data which offers to structure the data into the environment–status–expression variables and find their interactions. The research was carried out in 2011-2012 by interviewing 8 respondents. Analysis of the data focuses on the mental state of persons who have decided to return and the environmental factors influencing them. There are many different reasons why it is difficult for returnees to integrate in their home countries: it may be deficient knowledge of the language, cultural differences, social alienation, or discrimination. The study reveals the main reasons determining the decision to return to live in Lithuania and discusses factors which help or hinder the returnees to successfully establish themselves and use their accumulated human capital in their homeland. Rapidly changing society in Lithuania, possibility of a better quality of life, including the ability to work an intellectual work, accessible social services, cultural life and nature led to the return. Especially important is the environment of the family, and other relatives living in Lithuania. Decision to return mainly was based on importance of social contacts. These relationships have a greater effect on return than economic reasons. [...]
Affiliation(s): Sociologijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2012, nr. 3
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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