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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Veilentienė, Audronė
Title: Lietuvos visuomenės požiūris į Hymanso projektus ir pasikėsinimas į Ernestą Galvanauską
Other Title: The attitude of the Lithuanian society to Hymans plan and attempt on Ernestas Galvanauskas’ life
Is part of: Istorija, 2016, t. 104, nr. 4, p. 56-85
Date: 2016
Keywords: Steigiamasis Seimas;Hymanso projektas;Partijos;Ernestas Galvanauskas;Pasikėsinimas;Constituent Assembly (Seimas);Hymans plan;Political parties;Attempt
Abstract: Straipsnyje analizuojamas Lietuvos visuomenės požiūris į Hymanso projektus, atskleidžiamos pasikėsinimo į Ernestą Galvanauską priežastys, organizatoriai ir vykdytojai; nagrinėjamos antrojo Hymanso projekto atmetimo aplinkybės, pateikiami amžininkų vertinimai.
In the year 1921 the League of Nations sought to resolve the conflict on Vilnius region between Lithuania and Poland through the intermediary of the Belgian representative Paul Hymans. Two plans in succession, named after Hymans, were proposed. The majority of the Lithuanian Government and some members of the Popular party were of the opinion that the second plan by Hymans was acceptable since there was a threat of the war with Poland, however, the Lithuanian society opposed the idea. The year 1921 saw numerous meetings and demonstrations. The Lithuanian Constituent Seimas and the Government were flooded with resolutions of the meetings, which severely criticized the idea of the union or federation with Poland and demanded to defend Lithuanian independence. The Government led by K.Grinius neglected the protests and favored the other project, but it was then that the attempt upon Galvanauskas’ life, organized by a group of Lithuanian Riflemen Union and officers, was executed. They did that because they didn’t see any way out. Shortly after that Hymans plan was declined. The Government and the Seimas couldn’t ignore the popular opinion since the adoption of the project could have caused the coup or uprising possibly leading to the threat to the security of the state. Hymans plan was unable to settle the conflict between Lithuania and Poland and align differing goals of both parties. That is why it cannot be called an alternative or a missed opportunity.
Appears in Collections:Istorija 2016, t. 104, nr. 4

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