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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Sprindytė, Jūratė
Title: „Negatyvioji“ antropologija tekstuose apie „Vilko vaikus“
Other Title: “Negative” anthropology in texts about “Wolf Children”
Is part of: Žmogus ir žodis, 2014, t.16, nr. 2, p. 54-67
Date: 2014
Keywords: Literatūros antropologija;Kenigsbergo kapituliacija;Vilko vaikai;Išfokusuota tapatybė;Memuarai;Pasakojimo stereotipai;Literary anthropology;Fall of Königsberg;Wolf children;Diffuse identity;Memoirs;Narrative stereotypes
Abstract: Straipsnyje aptariama iki šiol tyrėjų dėmesio mažai pelniusi „vilko vaikų“ tema grožinėje ir memuarinėje literatūroje. „Vilko vaikai“ – į Lietuvą nuo Antrojo pasaulinio karo agonijos bėgę mažamečiai iš Rytų Prūsijos. Tyrimui pasirinktas tekstų korpusas paklūsta atraminei kultūros antropologijos premisai, kad literatūros vaizdiniai yra konkrečiõs istorinės terpės antropologinis paliudijimas, patikimas sociokultūrinis dokumentas, sietinas nebūtinai su estetinėmis vertėmis. Temos įvaizdinimo specifika grožinėje literatūroje (trijuose romanuose) lyginama su pačių vilko vaikų memuarais ir dokumentine istorine Ruth Kibelkos studija Vilko vaikai: kelias per Nemuną (2000).
To date, studies of literary imagery related to the end of the Second World War have not singled out or analyzed the theme of “Wolf children”. The author of this article focuses her attention on the recent revival of this theme in fictional works and in the memoir genre. “Wolf children” were minors who fled to Lithuania from East Prussia to escape the horrors and starvation of war. This topic was a long-standing taboo (during Soviet times because Germans were regarded as “fascists”; in Germany from feelings of guilt about how, as Hitler’s army retreated, the Königsberg area was allowed to be ravaged). The corpus of texts selected for this analysis conforms to the fundamental cultural anthropology premise that literary images are anthropological artifacts from a concrete historical context – that they are reliable sociocultural documents related not necessarily with aesthetic values but always connected to articulations of “humanity/inhumanity”. The author of the article compares manifestations of this theme in the imagery of three novels and two nonfiction works – a collection of memoir of wolf children rescued in Lithuania, Sugriautų namų vaikai (Children of Destroyed Homes, 1995), and the German Ruth Kibelka’s documentary historical study Vilko vaikai: kelias per Nemuną (Wolf Children: Crossing the Nemunas, published in Lithuanian in 2000). The novels and the documentary texts have surprisingly similar narrative structures. The author of the article examines delayed concealment of the theme, wandering as the characters’ constant state, the loss of identity, often unsuccessful searches for German roots, and the absolute domination of the negative from the very beginning of these peregrinations. Literary and documentary representations of Wolf children can be understood as a narrative tether between a liminal historical event and the unhappy fates of concrete individuals.
Appears in Collections:Žmogus ir žodis / Man and the Word, 2014, t. 16, nr. 2: Literatūrologija

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