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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Wróbel, Ilona
Title: Between the centre and the periphery. The role of a letter in contemporary Polish literature created by women
Other Title: Tarp centro ir periferijos. Laiško vaidmuo šiuolaikinėje lenkių literatūroje
Is part of: Acta litteraria comparativa, 2015, nr. 7, p. 147-158
Date: 2015
Keywords: Letter;Women’s writing;Polish contemporary literature;Laiškas;Moterų rašymas;Lenkų šiuolaikinė literatūra
Abstract: The article begins with a study of the state of the letter as a literary genre and a utilitarian form in contemporary Polish culture and literature. It seems that it is an ambiguous place, although the long tradition of the genre might prove its well - grounded and stable position among literary works. Theories of the letter look at it from different perspectives; however, the autonomous character of the letter is seen through the utilitarian aspect of the text, the text’s written form, its tone of directness, the absence of a correspondent, the broad relations between subject matter (the aim of the letter), sender and the sender’s attitude towards the addressee. The importance currently assigned to the utility of the texts and the effort to condense the content have significantly altered the genre, which, until quite recently, performed numerous roles, from the highly-artistic form of the message to everyday communication. The author attempts to determine the place of the letter in contemporary Polish literature written by women. She highlights the short, laconic forms incorporated into novels, which play a secondary role, as well as the widely cited autonomous fragments of stories and novels that have a much higher function. The article indicates the creative value of the letter in the world depicted and justifies the writers’ reluctance to use a different form of expression in direct statements, stylization, monologue, quasi letter, and messages directed to a nonpersonal receiver. Along with traditional letters, she describes the functions of a modern form of communication – the electronic mail – used in the latest novels. Moreover, the article offers reflections on the femininity realized in the letters. For it seems that women writers often make use of the blessings of this form of statement to convey an intimate content and personal reflections.
Straipsnio pradžioje aptariamas laiško žanras ir jo panaudojimo atvejai šiuolaikinėje lenkų kultūroje ir literatūroje. Autorė bando įvardyti laiško šių dienų lenkų literatūroje, sukurtoje moterų, vietą. Ji išskiria trumpas, lakoniškas laiško formas, įterptas romanuose ir vaidinančias juose antraeilį vaidmenį, o taip pat ir laiškus, sudarančius savarankiškus istorijų fragmentus ir ten atliekančius kur kas svarbesnes funkcijas. Straipsnis pabrėžia kūrybinę laiško vertę meniniame kūrinyje ir pateikia rašytojų naudojamų laiško formų įvairovę: stilizuoti laiškai, monologai, kvazi laiškai, žinutės. Šalia tradicinių laiškų, straipsnis taip pat aptaria modernaus bendravimo formas – el. laiškus, naudojamus romanuose. Jame taip pat bandoma pažvelgti į laiškuose atsispindintį moteriškumą.
Appears in Collections:Acta litteraria comparativa, 2015, nr. 7: Laiškas literatūroje ir kultūroje

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