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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Biochemija / Biochemistry (N004)
Author(s): Vaičiukynė, Miglė;Žiauka, Jonas;Žūkienė, Rasa;Vertelkaitė, Lidija;Kuusienė, Sigutė
Title: Abscisic acid promotes root system development in birch tissue culture: a comparison to aspen culture and conventional rooting-related growth regulators
Is part of: Physiologia plantarum. New York : Wiley, 2019, Vol. 165, spec. iss. 1
Extent: p. 114-122
Date: 2019
Keywords: Abscisic acid;Aspen;Birch;Root system
Abstract: The research aim was to assess the effects of the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) and the growth regulator paclobutrazol (PBZ) on root system development during the in vitro culture of different birch and aspen genotypes. The studied genotypes involved two aspen (Populus tremula and Populus tremuloides × P. tremula) and two silver birch (Betula pendula) trees, with one of the birches characterized by its inability to root in vitro. For experiments, apical shoot segments were cultured on nutrient medium enriched with either ABA or PBZ. Additionally, the analysis of the endogenous hormones in shoots developed on hormone-free medium was conducted by high-performance liquid chromatography. The endogenous concentration of auxin indole-3-acetic acid was much higher in the aspens than that in the birches, while the highest concentration of ABA was found in the root-forming birch. The culturing of this birch genotype on medium enriched with ABA resulted in an increased root length and a higher number of lateral roots without any negative effect on either shoot growth or adventitious root (AR) formation, although these two processes were largely inhibited by ABA in the aspens. Meanwhile, PBZ promoted AR formation in both aspen and birch cultures but impaired secondary root formation and shoot growth in birches. These results suggest the use of ABA for the in vitro rooting of birches and PBZ for the rooting of aspens
Affiliation(s): Biochemijos katedra
Lietuvos agrarinių ir miškų mokslų centras
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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