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Type of publication: conference paper
Type of publication (PDB): Tezės kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Theses in other peer-reviewed publications (T1e)
Field of Science: Biochemija / Biochemistry (N004)
Author(s): Sakalauskaitė, Sandra;Šepetytė, Kamilė;Daugelavičius, Rimantas
Title: The peculiarities of tetraphenylphosphonium and ethidium interaction with Listeria monocytogenes and efficiencies of efflux
Is part of: Journal of drug metabolism & toxicology. Los Angeles : OMICS Publishing Group, 2018, Vol. 9, conf. abstracts
Extent: p. 72-72
Date: 2018
Note: 31st Euro global summit and expo on vaccines & vaccination; 4th World congress and exhibition on antibiotics and antibiotic resistance & June 14-16, 2018 Barcelona, Spain: posters & accepted abstracts
Keywords: Listeria monocytogenes;Efflux inhibitor;Antimicrobial resistance
Abstract: Antimicrobial resistance is a steadily growing world wide problem. Multidrug resistance efflux pumps play a key role in resistance to antibiotics. Because of these pumps Listeria monocytogenes is a multidrug resistant pathogen, not sensitive to many antimicrobial compounds. It is very important to understand the mechanisms how could we regulate the activity of efflux because L. monocytogenes is an opportunistic foodborne Gram-positive pathogen causing serious human infections. It is not easy to develop new antimicrobial compounds which would not be efflux substrates. In addition, the sides effects of new compounds are unknown. So, the knowledge about the inhibition of antibiotics efflux out of cells could increase the efficiency of treatment. We used potentiometric and fluorescence methods to assay the activity of efflux in L. monocytogenes. We used tetraphenylphosphonium selective electrode to register the activity of efflux. In parallel, the intensity of ethidium fluorescence was determined. We used inhibitors of different families of efflux pumps, such as chlorpromazine, verapamil, and reserpine. Also we explored the effect of Phe-Arg-β-naphthylamide (PAβN) and 1-(1-Naphthylmethyl) piperazine on these gram-positive bacteria. The aim of our studies was to determine the peculiarities of tetraphenylphosphonium and ethidium interaction with L. monocytogenes cells and to evaluate the efficiency of efflux inhibition. We determined that all of the used inhibitors increase the accumulation of efflux pumps substrate. In addition, we observed that PAβN and NMP inhibit the efflux of tetraphenylphosphonium but not ethidium. Accumulation of TPP+ strongly inhibited the intensity of L. monocytogenes respiration while ethidium binding was not interfering with this process. The electrochemical analysis of PAβN binding to L. monocytogenes indicated that bacteria accumulate a large amount of this efflux inhibitor
Affiliation(s): Biochemijos katedra
Gamtos mokslų fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:3. Konferencijų medžiaga / Conference materials
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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