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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Psichologija / Psychology (S006)
Author(s): Pranckevičienė, Aistė;Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė, Kristina;Markšaitytė, Rasa;Endriulaitienė, Auksė;Tillman, Douglas R;Hof, David D
Title: Social distance in Lithuanian psychology and social work students and professionals
Is part of: Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. Berlin : Springer Heidelberg, 2018, Vol. 53, iss. 8
Extent: p. 849-857
Date: 2018
Note: eISSN 1433-9285. Preparation of this paper was supported by the Research Council of Lithuania (Grant number: MIP-001/2015)
Keywords: People with mental illness;Psychologists;Social workers;Professional experience
Abstract: Purpose. This cross-sectional study aimed to compare desire for social distance from people with mental illness in the disciplines of social work and psychology, and among students and professionals having different professional experience. Methods. 948 respondents (715 students and 233 professionals) from Lithuanian educational and mental health-care institutions participated in an anonymous survey. Social distance was measured using Lithuanian Social Distance Scale which was created for this study. Participants also answered questions about familiarity with mental illness. Bias of social desirability was measured using the balanced inventory of desirable responding. Results. Series of ANCOVA analysis revealed that psychology and social work master’s and PhD students reported less social distance from people with mental illness when compared with bachelor’s students. Familiarity with mental illness was significantly related to less social distance in the student sample, but not in professionals’ sample. The strongest desire for social distance in the professionals’ sample was observed in social workers having less than 5 years of professional practice and most experienced psychologists with more than 10 years of professional practice. Conclusions. Social distance from people with mental illness decreases through the study years; however, results of professional psychologists and social workers illustrate different trajectories in social distance through the professional career. The results of this study support the need for anti-stigma programmes and initiatives orientated towards mental health professionals
Affiliation(s): Lietuvos Sveikatos mokslų universitetas
Psichologijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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