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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Bertašius, Mindaugas;Daugnora, Linas
Title: Viking age horse graves from Kaunas region (Middle Lithuania)
Is part of: International journal of osteoarchaeology. Malden, USA : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Vol. 11, iss. 6, 2001
Extent: p. 387-399
Date: 2001
Keywords: Archeologija;Žirgai;Lietuva;Istorija;Lietuva;Archaeological data;Osteometrical data;Horse;Lithuania;History;Lithuania
Abstract: Balts’ territories have one peculiarity—large amounts of horse bones are found in burial grounds. This phenomenon is typical to the Prussians (5th–11th centuries) and Lithuanians (Kaunas region 8th–11th centuries) Horse burials of the 8th–11th centuries reflect the archaeological culture of Middle Lithuania most significantly. Several horse burial types have been defined on the basis of individuals; osteological signs and the archaeological data of the horse remains. A typical horse grave is when the whole horse was buried. Sometimes only a head or a head with forelegs, or scattered horse remains are found in a burial. The large number of burial grounds with an abundance of horse graves testifies to a very expressive ritual of horse offering in the Balts’ region. On the basis of the data obtained, we determined that mostly 4–10 year old horses were buried in the grounds of Middle Lithuania. From the bone measurements, it has been determined that the length of metacarpals ranges between 180 and 216 mm (the average length 193.1 0.99 mm); the length of metatarsals between 218 and 253 mm (average length 233.9 0.73 mm).These data demonstrate that horses of different types were buried in Marvele and Versˇ vai burial grounds (wither height 120–136 cm). A certain number of the larger horses (wither height 136–144 and 153 cm; length of metacarpals 210–222 mm) might not have belonged to local breeds. We have come to the conclusion that the most similar horse skeletons (according to the osteometric data) were found in Latvia
Affiliation(s): Lietuvos veterinarijos akademija
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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