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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Fizika / Physics (N002)
Author(s): Abrasonis, Gintautas;Riviere, J.-P;Templier, Claude;Declemy, A;Pranevičius, Liudvikas;Milhet, X
Title: Ion beam nitriding of single and polycrystalline austenitic stainless steel
Is part of: Journal of applied physics. Melville, USA : American Institute of Physics, 2005, Vol. 97, iss. 8
Extent: p. 1-10
Date: 2005
Note: Article Number: 083531
Keywords: Low-energy;Low-temperature;X-ray diffraction;Nitrogen implantation;Surface-layers;High-flux;Expanded austenite;RF plasma;Phase;Diffusion
Abstract: Polycrystalline and single crystalline [orientations (001) and (011)] AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel was implanted at 400 degrees C with 1.2 keV nitrogen ions using a high current density of 0.5 mA cm(-2). The nitrogen distribution profiles were determined using nuclear reaction analysis (NRA). The structure of nitrided polycrystalline stainless steel samples was analyzed using glancing incidence and symmetric x-ray diffraction (XRD) while the structure of the nitrided single crystalline stainless steel samples was analyzed using x-ray diffraction mapping of the reciprocal space. For identical treatment conditions, it is observed that the nitrogen penetration depth is larger for the polycrystalline samples than for the single crystalline ones. The nitrogen penetration depth depends on the orientation, the being more preferential for nitrogen diffusion than . In both type of samples, XRD analysis shows the presence of the phase usually called "expanded" austenite or gamma(N) phase. The lattice expansion depends on the crystallographic plane family, the (001) planes showing an anomalously large expansion. The reciprocal lattice maps of the nitrided single crystalline stainless steel demonstrate that during nitriding lattice rotation takes place simultaneously with lattice expansion. The analysis of the results based on the presence of stacking faults, residual compressive stress induced by the lattice expansion, and nitrogen concentration gradient indicates that the average lattice parameter increases with the nitrided layer depth. A possible explanation of the anomalous expansion of the (001) planes is presented, which is based on the combination of faster nitriding rate in the (001) oriented grains and the role of stacking faults and compressive stress
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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