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Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Janauskas, Pranas
Title: Proces członków Polskiej Organizacji Wojskowej w Kownie w 1920 roku
Other Title: The Proceedings against the POW members in Kaunas in 1920
Is part of: Rocznik instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej. Lublin : Instytut Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej, 2015, T. 13, nr. 3 : Polska – Litwa: stare i nowe problemy
Extent: p. 69-90
Date: 2015
Keywords: Józef Piłsudski;Lenkijos Lietuvos santykiai;Polska Organizacja Wojskowa;Polska Organizacja Wojskowa;Józef Piłsudski;Polish-Lithuanian relations
Abstract: The Polish military organisation Polska Organizacja Wojskowa (POW) was planning a political takeover in Lithuania with the aim to form a pro-Polish government and then make a federation with Poland. The POW members were tried by the Lithuanian army court on December 11-24, 1920. At that time, the functioning penal code was that of the Russian Empire of the year 1903. The POW members were accused of an attempt to overthrow the existing system of government, high treason and revolt. In court, both the defendants and their defenders (among the latter was a highly-qualified barrister Adolfas Grajevskis) stressed two important aspects: first, they had been fighting for independent historical Lithuania; second, they were not against independent Lithuania but against its pro-German government. Eight people found guilty got life sentence; others were sentenced to imprisonment for different periods of time. The first appeals of the sentenced POW members were written in February 1921. At the end of 1922, when the Western countries recognised Lithuania de jure, the majority of the convicts were released
Affiliation(s): Humanitarinių mokslų fakultetas
Istorijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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