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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Menotyra / History and theory of arts (H003)
Author(s): Lukšionytė, Nijolė
Title: Viduramžių architektūros interpretacijos Vaclovo Michnevičiaus bažnyčių projektuose
Other Title: Interpretations of Medieval architecture in Vaclovas Michnevičius’ church designs
Is part of: Meno istorija ir kritika = Art history & criticism. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2014, [T.] 10(2) : Kultūros paveldas : medžiagiškumo ir simbolinių prasmių sąveika
Extent: p. 74-88
Date: 2014
Note: E-ISSN 2335-8769 klaidingas, E-ISSN 1822-4547 teisingas
Keywords: Michnevičius, Vaclovas;Sakralinė architektūra;Istorizmas;Bažnyčios;Neogotika;Neoromanika;Michnevičius, Vaclovas;Church architecture;Churches;Neo-Gothic;Neo-Romanesque
Abstract: The beginning of the creative activity of the architect Vaclovas Michnevičius (1866-1947), originating from the Middle Lithuanian, coincided with in the abolition of prohibition introduced by the Russian Empire to build Catholic churches (1897). With the beginning of construction of new temples, the architects were invited from Liepaja (K. E. Strandmann), Riga (F. Wyganowski), and Warsaw (J. P. Dziekonski). Shortly after the local ones joined them, Vaclovas Michnevičius was one of the most productive ones. This article is intended to analyse a neo-Gothic and neo-Romanesque church architecture forms designed by Michnevičius. In European countries following Gothic (Gothic revival trend) began in England in the first half of the 19 th century. The theoreticians of romanticism were convinced that Gothic perfectly embodied the Christian ideal. In the region of Central and Eastern Europe German brick Gothic was followed (Backsteingotik). At the end of the 19 th century in Poland so-called the Vistula Gothic style (styl Nadwiślański) based on the local Gothic motifs emerged. This trend was represented by works of Józef Pius Dziekoński and Jan Sas-Zubrzycki that influenced Michnevičius’ creation. In 1893 V. Michnevičius graduated from St. Petersburg Institute of Civil Engineers. Having returned to Vilnius, he worked as the city architect and designed the market hall, theatre, hospital, residential houses. After the First World War, he moved to Kaunas that served as a temporary capital of Lithuania. From 1897 to 1936, he designed 30 Catholic churches, 20 of which were built. There were 18 churches created in neo-Gothic and neo-Romanesque forms where 8 of them with two towers, 10 with one tower. Churches with two towers had three naves, usually 5 bays long, a presbytery that is pentahedral surrounded by sacristy extensions (Žeimiai, Ratnyčia, Vidžiai, Saltoniškės in Vilnius, Belogruda). [...]
Affiliation(s): Menotyros katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Art History & Criticism / Meno istorija ir kritika 2014, nr. 10(2)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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