Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/42940
Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Fizika / Physics (N002)
Author(s): Kavaliauskas, Žydrūnas;Pranevičius, Liudas;Marcinauskas, Liutauras;Valatkevičius, Pranas
Title: Deposition of carbon electrodes for supercapacitors using atmospheric plasma torch
Other Title: Superkondensatorių anglinių elektrodų nusodinimas atmosferinio slėgio plazmoje
Is part of: Medžiagotyra = Materials science. Kaunas : Technologija, Vol. 15, No. 2 (2009)
Extent: p. 99-102
Date: 2009
Keywords: Nikelio oksidas;Nikelio oksido dangos storis;Magnetroninio garinimo metodas;Supercapacitors;Carbon electrodes;Surface modification;Plasma treatment
Abstract: Talpa ir superkondensatorių energijos kaupimo mechanizmas yra glaudžiai susiję su cheminėmis ir fizinėmis anglinių elektrodų savybėmis. Šis darbas buvo skirtas išsiaiškinti nikelio oksido dangos storio įtaką elektrodų paviršių mikrostruktūrai, bei elektriniams parametrams. Nikelio oksido sluoksniai buvo suformuoti ant anglies paviršių naudojant magnetroninio garinimo metodą. Nikelio oksido formavimo trukmė buvo: 15, 30, 60, 120, 180 ir 300 s, o jo augimo greitis – 1.2 nm/s. Deguonies slėgis kameroje buvo 1.36 Pa – 1.85 Pa, magnetrono įtampa – 244 V, o srovė – 1.5 A. Anglies dangos buvo suformuotos ant nerūdijančio plieno padėklų, naudojant Ar/C2H2 dujų mišinį. Formuojant anglies dangas plazmatrono įtampa buvo 36 V, srovė – 24 A, atstumas tarp bandinio ir plazmatrono – 0.01 m. Tyrimai parodė, kad didėjant nikelio oksido sluoksnio storiui susidaro dvi skirtingos struktūros: tinklo ir granulinė. Atlikus talpos matavimus buvo nustatyta, kad maksimali specifinė talpa yra pasiekiama kai nikelio oksido storis yra 72 nm. Taip pat buvo išsiaiškinta, kad didėjant nikelio oksido storiui, stabilumo įtampa sumažėja nuo 0.58 V iki 0.35 V
The power and energy-storage capabilities of supercapacitors are closely linked to the physical and chemical characteristics of the carbon electrodes. In the present work, the surfaces of activated carbon electrodes were treated in low pressure oxygen and argon plasma for selected times of 15, 30, 60, 120, 180 and 300 s. The plasma source was a DC glow discharge in argon and oxygen gases generated by magnetron sputter deposition technique with Ni cathode. The working gas pressure was 1.3 Pa - 1.8 Pa and the distance between anode of magnetron and substrate - 30 mm. The dissipated power in plasma was equal to 250 W. The negative - 100 V bias voltage was supplied to the carbon electrode. The conducted studies of carbon surface topography showed that plasma treatment initiated microscopic roughening of the surface of activated carbon which was pronounced for short time ( less than 30 s) plasma interaction. This was attributed to an increased of carbon surface area caused by argon-oxygen plasma etching. For discharge times greater than 10 min, combined effects of plasma chemical etching of carbon by oxygen atoms, physical sputtering by argon ions and deposition of nickel oxide deposit appeared to have a smoothing effect and led to a reduction of the measured surface area. Capacitance of electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs) with activated carbon electrodes after 1 min plasma surface treatment was increased by 70% compared to EDLCs cells with the original activated carbon electrodes without plasma treatment and nickel oxide deposition. The results have shown that the modification by plasma treatment of activated carbon electrodes is a suitable technique for EDLCs used in high current applications
Internet: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e0d1/0c3a6ed03b650745c04d4b303662eaa80354.pdf
Affiliation(s): Fizikos katedra
Kauno technologijos universitetas
Lietuvos energetikos institutas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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