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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Politikos mokslai / Political sciences (S002)
Author(s): Žukaitė, Gintarė
Title: Socialinių judėjimų Lotynų Amerikoje kilimo priežasčių analizė politikos proceso teorijos kontekste
Other Title: Analysis of social movements in Latin America in the framework of political process theory
Is part of: Tiltai = Bridges = Brücken. Klaipėda : Klaipėdos universiteto leidykla, 2011, nr. 2(55)
Extent: p. 35-50
Date: 2011
Keywords: Socialiniai judėjimai Lotynų Amerikoje;Politikos proceso teorija;Naujieji socialiniai judėjimai;Zapatista judėjimas;Social movements in Latin America;Political process theory;New social movements;Zapatista
Abstract: Straipsnyje susitelkiama ties socialiniais judėjimais, kurie kilo Lotynų Amerikoje 9-ojo dešimtmečio pabaigoje ir padarė didelę įtaką viso regiono vystymuisi. Pirmojoje straipsnio dalyje įrodoma klaidinga nuomonė, kad Lotynų Amerikoje prasidėjusius judėjimus reikėtų priskirti naujųjų judėjimų kategorijai. Toliau analizuojama, kuri teorija geriausiai tinka tyrinėti procesus Lotynų Amerikoje. Svarbiausioje straipsnio dalyje aptariamos socialinių judėjimų kilimo priežastys. Dažnai manoma, kad pagrindinės priežastys yra ekonominės – skurdas ar socialinė nelygybė. Tačiau straipsnyje įrodoma, kad buvo ir svarbesnių veiksnių, kurie lėmė judėjimų atiradimą Lotynų Amerikoje. Politikos proceso teorijos kontekste atskleidžiama, kad daugiau nei ekonominės priežastys, įtaką darė politiniai veiksniai ir sąjungininkai
In late 80’s Latin America faced the wave of social movements. Indigenous started to demand their rights in Mexico, Chile, Ecuador and other countries, workless people mobilized in Argentina, landless farmers began their own campaign against Brazil’s government. These are just a few examples of social movements that are operating in Latina America now. Usually it is accepted to identify these movements as New Social Movements. However, it is inaccurate, because instead of focusing on environmental issues, disarmament and saving the world as new social movements suppose to do, social movements in Latin America concentrate on material goods, such as land. It is hard to explain why those social movements started. The most common point of view is to see these movements arising because of bad economic conditions – poverty, hunger, social inequality, land problems. However, this is just one side of the problem. Nobody can argue that economic situation was one of the factors that encouraged social movements. This was necessary but not enough. There were other important factors. First of all, political opportunities were very favorable. The authoritarian regimes were falling down and democracy was underway. Dictatorships were replaced in Mexico, Chile, Ecuador and other countries by democracy. Also the big influence to social movements was made by the availability of resources, such as leaders and new technologies. So strong leaders came to social scenes in many Latin American countries, such as Marcos in Chiapas, Juan Nievas and Jose Pepino Fernandez in Argentina, Evo Morales in Bolivia, Hugo Chavez in Venezuela. Moreover, Internet and other new technologies made a great influence to social movements. Activist could spread their ideas much faster and wider. Soon the whole world found out about their demands, their situation, living conditions. Also allies should be taken into account.[...]
Affiliation(s): Politikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakult.
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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