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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Jašinauskas, Linas
Title: Nacių švietimo politika Lietuvoje 1941-1944 m
Other Title: Nazis' policy education im Lithuania in 1941-1944
Is part of: Lituanistica. Vilnius : Lietuvos mokslų akademijos leidykla, T. 54, nr. 1 (2004)
Extent: p. 1-26
Date: 2004
Abstract: At the beginning of the occupation Nazis interfered little into educational and cultural matters. They were laying efforts in the direction of putting in the country’s economic potential to the war with the Soviet Union as soon as possible. Thus, the Provisional Government of Lithuania managed to reorganize the local system of education and to prepare schools for the new schooling year within a short, six weeks’ period of time. However, all schools in which the subjects were taught in Jewish and Russian were closed on the grounds of the orders issued by the occupational Nazi authorities. The secondary schools in which the subjects were taught in Polish also ceased to function. No teachers and pupils of Jewish nationality remained due to the genocide of inhabitants of Lithuania executed in the country by Nazis. The teachers that were members of the Communist party and of the Komsomol were persecuted and killed during the whole period of occupation. The Lithuanian schools of general education were insignificantly financed during the years of Nazi occupation. Frequently they had to withstand the financial pressure of Nazi authorities. School buildings used to be occupied by military units of the German army, military hospitals and enterprises of the occupation authorities. Teachers were receiving low salaries. Pupils had to carry out different duties. Besides, they used to be recruited to the German army and its auxiliary units. Step by step, the occupation authorities tried to substitute those educational institutions by the schools that could provide professional education. Moreover, the Nazis tried to suppress the national self-consciousness and to spread their own ideology among pupils who attended schools of general education. Aiming to implement those goals, the Nazis increased the number of German lessons in the school syllabus. [...]
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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