Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/39117
Type of publication: conference paper
Type of publication (PDB): Tezės kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Theses in other peer-reviewed publications (T1e)
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)
Author(s): Pukienė, Rūtilė
Title: The 17th century winding stairs in the Vilnius Cathedral as a source of information on architectural and natural history
Is part of: EuroDendro 2008: The long history of wood utilization [Elektroninis išteklius]: Conference abstracts. Hallstatt, Austria : IUFRO research group, 2008
Extent: p. 36
Date: 2008
Series/Report no.: (News of forest history 5(39))
Keywords: Vilnius;Vilniaus katedra;17 a;Mediniai laiptai;Vilnius;Vilnius Cathedral;17- th century;Winding stairs
Abstract: Vilnius Cathedral, formerly a part of the Vilnius Castles' complex, is one of the oldest churches in Lithuania, founded at least after the Christianisation of L `thuania at the end of the 14th century. Different parts of it were rebuilt and renovated several times due to damages made by wars and fires. The Cathedral acquired its present day Classical appearance at the end of the 18th century. One of the most beautiful parts of the church is St Casimir's Chapel, built in 1623-1636. The Chapel was not only connected to the Cathedral but also had a passage to the nearby Ducal Palace. Grand Dukes and Kings having arrived by this passage used to listen to service in a balcony above the chapel door. The passage has not remained until nowadays. The present-day balcony can be reached by wooden winding stairs located in a well within a wall between the Chapel and the side nave of the Cathedral. Wooden steps are made of pine blocks and are carved in a special shape with their lugs forming the central shaft in the centre of the stair well. Such a construction allows seeing the surface of crosssection of the steps in the central shaft. In order to make a non-destructive dendrochronological analysis of the stairs, photographic technique was applied. Cross-sections of 20 steps, containing largest number of annual rings and made of parts of trunks closest to bark edge, were photographed and pictures analysed using standard methods. Analysed peaces had 82 to 154 annual rings. No one sample had preserved bark edge. Maximum number of surviving sapwood rings was 66. Seventeen series were cross-dated and average chronology spanning 173 years was constructed. The chronology was dated against Vilnius and Riga pine chronologies to 1490-1662. This dating showed that the stairs were not originally built with the St. Casimir Chapel till 1636. [...]
Internet: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/39117
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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