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Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Teisė / Law (S001)
Author(s): Mesonis, Gediminas
Title: Konstitucijos interpretacinis poreikis
Other Title: The Interpretative nature of constitution
Is part of: Jurisprudencija: mokslo darbai = Jurisprudence : research papers. Vilnius : Mykolo Romerio Universiteto Leidybos centras, 2009, Nr. 4(118)
Extent: p. 47-62
Date: 2009
Keywords: Konstitucija;Konstitucinė jurisprudencija;Mokslinė doktrina;Interpretacija;Konstitucijos omisija;Teisės normų sistema;Constitution;Constitutional jurisprudence;Democracy;Interpretation;Constitutional omission
Abstract: Konstitucija, būdama reikšmingiausias kiekvienos šalies teisės aktas, lemia visos teisės normų sistemos funkcionalumą. Konstitucija yra tas šaltinis, kuris tampa galutinio teisėtumo materialiu arbitru. Taigi poreikis nuolat garantuoti teisės normų sistemos funkcionalumą formuluoja kitą poreikį – suvokti, suprasti konstituciją, joje įtvirtintų normų ir principų turinį. Straipsnyje atskleidžiami ir aptariami faktoriai, kurie lemia konstitucijos interpretacinę prigimtį. Konstatuojama, kad konstitucijos a) normų abstraktumas, b) konstitucijos normų „konkurencija“, c) konstitucijos vientisumo ir sistemiškumo požymis, bei konstitucijos reguliavimo omisijos problema yra faktoriai, determinuojantys konstitucijos permanentinį interpretacijos poreikį
The constitution’s standing as a legal act of the highest power not only ensures its exclusive status in the legal system but also determines the hierarchic certainty of all norms within that system. The explicit character of the constitution does not preclude it from ensuring the hierarchical functionality of the legal system. This latter function requires that the limitation “problem” of explicitness be addressed by interpreting the constitution as a systemic document. Applying the constitution, therefore, requires a continuous effort in comprehending it. The official doctrine of constitutional judicial institutions reflects the standard for understanding the constitution. This standard becomes the sole source, not only de jure, but significantly de facto, for determining the legality of legal acts. The constitution, as the prime and foremost law in a country, determines the functionality of the entire system of legal norms. As a legal source, it takes on the role of the material arbiter of final legality. The constant need to ensure the functioning of the system of legal norms hence informs yet another necessity–to apprehend and understand the constitution and the norms and principles established within. A few factors induce this perpetual need for interpretation, those being (a) the abstractness of constitutional norms, (b) “competition” among constitutional norms, (c) the integral and systemic nature of the constitution, and (d) the problem of legislative/regulative omission in the constitution
Affiliation(s): Mykolo Romerio universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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