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Type of publication: Straipsnis kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Article in other peer-reviewed editions (S5)
Field of Science: Filologija / Philology (H004)
Author(s): Корнев, Александр Николаевич;Balčiūnienė, Ingrida
Title: Сопоставительное исследование грамматического частотного профиля в русском и литовском дискурсе у детей 6 лет
Other Title: A comparative study of grammatical frequency profiles of Russian and Lithuanian six-years-old children’s discourse
Is part of: Acta linguistica petropolitana [elektoninis išteklius]. St. Petersburg : Nauka, 2017, Vol. 13, no. 3
Extent: p. 789-810
Date: 2017
Note: Santrauka rusų k. p. 913; santrauka anglųk. p. 934-936
Keywords: детская речь;грамматический частотный профиль;кроссязыковое сравнение;discourse analysis;narrative analysis;parts of speech;Child speech
Abstract: В исследованиях детской речи собран обширный материал от- носительно этапов и некоторых закономерностей усвоения детьми отдельных частей речи. При этом еще крайне мало данных о систем- ном взаимоотношении различных частей речи на разных этапах ов- ладения языком и речевой коммуникацией, особенно после 3 лет. Предметом анализа грамматического частотного профиля (ГЧП) бы- ли тексты (диалоги и нарративы), взятые из Корпуса устной речи детей с нормой и отставанием в развитии речи русскоговорящих детей и Корпуса устной речи литовских детей. Выявлены достовер- ные факторы влияния жанра дискурса и языка на ГЧП у детей
A number of studies in language acquisition have dealt with parts of speech (PoS). Mainly, a growth of noun and verb diversity, as well as a variety of inflections have been evaluated separately from other PoSs. However, the PoSs play a unique functional role of building blocks interacted to each other in utterance, text, and discourse. The more a speech development progresses, the more skillfully and flexibly children manipulate with different PoSs to produce structurally well-organized and semantically transparent discourse. Our paper aims at analyzing a distribution of all PoSs in different discourse genres in preschool children. The cross-linguistic study was based on a corpus data of Russian (N = 12) and Lithuanian (N = 24) monolingual typically-developing 6-year-olds. Subcorpus No. 1 consisted of fictional narratives elicited according picture sequences. Following the RAIN methodology, Russian children were asked to tell a story according one picture sequence and then to retell a story according to another picture sequence; the sessions were separate by a few minutes of a conversation between a child and an experimenter. Lithuanian children were asked to tell a story according one picture sequence. To sum up, subcorpus No. 1 consistend of 24 narratives (2451 word tokens) (re-)told by Russian subjects and 24 narratives (2467 word tokens) told by Lithuanians. Subcorpus No.2 consisted of semi-structured dialogues between a child and an experimenter. Russian data (6710 word tokens) consisted of conversations based on standard comprehension questions about the (re-)told narratives; while Lithuanian data (5207 word tokens) consisted of semi-structured interwiev about a child’s favourite school subjects and activities. [...]
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:1. Straipsniai / Articles
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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