Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/34005
Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Varapnickas, Tadas
Title: Teismo pagalba arbitražui, skiriant arbitrą
Other Title: Court assistance to arbitration in arbitrator’s appointment
Is part of: Teisės apžvalga, 2017, nr. 1(15), p. 84-109
Date: 2017
Keywords: Arbitražas;Arbitras;Arbitro skyrimas;Teismo pagalba arbitražui;Alternatyvus ginčų sprendimas;Arbitration;Arbitrator;Arbitrator’s appointment;Court assistance to arbitration;Alternative dispute resolution
Abstract: Straipsnyje analizuojama problematika, susijusi su teismo pagalba arbitražo procesui tuomet, kai teismo prašoma paskirti arbitrą. Autorius analizuoja, kokiais atvejais arbitražo proceso šalys gali kreiptis į teismą, prašydamos paskirti arbitrą, kokie teismai turi kompetenciją nagrinėti tokius klausimus, kokią reikšmę arbitro paskyrimas su teismo pagalba turi ateityje, kai prašoma panaikinti arba nepripažinti arbitražo teismo sprendimo. Siekiant detaliai išanalizuoti pasirinktą temą, gilinamasi į įvairias situacijas, kylančias ar galinčias kilti praktikoje. Straipsnyje daugiausia remiamasi užsienio specialiąja literatūra, taip pat aktualia teismų praktika, Lietuvoje galiojantis teisinis reglamentavimas lyginamas su kitų valstybių teisiniu reguliavimu, stengiamasi pateikti siūlymus, kurie būtų tinkami, siekiant visapusiškos teismų pagalbos arbitrų skyrimo procese. Išanalizavus straipsnyje aptariamus klausimus, autorius daro išvadą, kad LR komercinio arbitražo įstatymo nuostatos, reglamentuojančios arbitro skyrimą su teismo pagalba, turėtų būti aiškinamos plečiamai, kaip sudarančios prielaidas teismui paskirti arbitrą ne tik ad hoc arbitražo atveju, tačiau ir instituciniame arbitraže, kadangi priešingas įstatymo normų aiškinimas gali padaryti arbitražo procesą neįmanomą. Autorius taip pat daro išvadą, kad prieš paskirdamas arbitrą, teismas turėtų suteikti paskutinę galimybę ginčo šaliai pačiai įgyvendinti savo teisę ir pareigą skirti arbitrą. Ir tik pasyviajai šaliai to nepadarius, pats paskirti nepriklausomą, nešališką ir kvalifikuotą ginčo sprendėją.
Arbitrator’s appointment is usually one of the most crucial aspects of arbitration, maybe even the most important after arbitration agreement itself. However, there are cases when arbitrator cannot be appointed in accordance with the agreed appointment mechanism. Therefore, both international and national laws foresee rules regulating the issue of arbitrator’s appointment. One of the possible scenarios to appoint arbitrator is to apply to a national court with a request of appointment. This scenario is also foreseen in Lithuanian law on Commercial Arbitration. The subject-matter of this article is to analyse the issues related to the role of the courts in arbitration proceedings when the court is requested to appoint the arbitrator. When UNCITRAL adopted its new Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration in 2006, Lithuania amended its Law on Commercial Arbitration in 2012. This new law provides for modern approach towards court assistance to arbitration and allows national court to help arbitration proceedings by appointing arbitrator. Nevertheless, after four years of the application of this new law, there is almost no case-law on the issue. However, the popularity of arbitration is growing in Lithuania. Therefore, it is necessary to analyse in what situations and on what grounds the court may assist arbitration proceedings. Analysis of the subject-matter of this article will be useful for both arbitration scholars and practitioners. In particular, the author examines cases when parties to arbitration proceedings have the right to apply to the court to appoint an arbitrator. The author also analyses which courts are competent in solving this category of disputes as well as whether the appointment of arbitrator in the court has any influence on the recognition or recourse proceedings. In order to reveal the subject-matter of this article author examines various situations which arise or may arise in the practice. The doctrine of foreign countries as well as case-law is the main source of this article. Legal regulation of Lithuania is compared to the regulation of foreign countries. After examining the abovementioned questions, author concludes that the provisions on arbitrator’s appointment of the Law on Commercial Arbitration should be interpreted broadly. In author’s opinion, court assistance to arbitration in arbitrator’s appointment should be possible not only in ad hoc arbitration but also when institutional arbitration is chosen because different interpretation of the law could make arbitration proceedings impossible. The author also concludes, that before appointing the arbitrator, the court should suggest, for the last time, the party to arbitration to appoint the arbitrator. Only if the passive party refuses to fulfil its duty, the court should appoint independent, neutral and qualified arbitrator.
Internet: https://eltalpykla.vdu.lt/1/34005
http://dx.doi.org/10.7220/2029-4239.15.4
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/34005
Appears in Collections:Teisės apžvalga / Law Review 2017, nr. 1(15)

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