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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Sociologija / Sociology (S005)
Author(s): Pruskus, Valdas
Title: Lietuvių katalikų intelektualų kooperacijos samprata XIX–XX a. sandūroje
Other Title: The conception of cooperation of Lithuanian catholic intellectuals of the beginning of XX century
Is part of: Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla., 2008, [T.] 25 (53)
Extent: p. 157-173
Date: 2008
Keywords: Katalikų Bažnyčia;Socialinė katalikybė;Kooperacija;Kunigai;Leonas XIII;„Rerum novarum“;Socialinis teisingumas;Solidarumas;Catholic Church;Social question;Cooperation;Leon XIII;“Rerum novarum”;Social justice;Solidarity;Priest
Abstract: In the article one shows that catholic intellectuals of the beginning of XX century (S. Sulte, J. Staugaitis, M. Krupavicius, F. Kemesis, J. Dabusis, etc. receptived the new social ideals, but they evaluated them critically and didn’t consider any social economic system to be absolute, the best and unique. Neither liberal capitalism, amp hasizig the importanc of private ownership and personal freedom and in fact refuting the Christian notin of obligation to society and individual, nor socialism, sacrificing the society for realization of its own fictitious mesianistic ideas, won a particular sympathy with them. They thought that in the making of social, economic and political life Lithuania should rest on the ideas of Christian democracy. They did not related Lithuanian economical and social rebirth with one social class (estate) as Bolsheviks did. Their attitude was that all estates are equally important and necessary for the society. Hence they looked for such an economic mechanism that would combine the relationship of producers and consumers and would include their social and economical operation. According to them, the most reliable way to economic democracy, which can assure economical wealth, unity and social security to the society and an individual, is through cooperation. Cooperation for Catholics first of all was the means to decrease exhaustion, to slow down egoistic individualism caused by economic liberalism and established in interrelationship, because this inevitably increased social tension in the society and Bolsheviks tried to use it. On the other hand, they saw a means to “adjust” society to property, people who had never had it (peasant, worker) and create conditions for him/her to freely become a co-owner (a shareholder of a cooperative or company) and to justify this control of property from the Christian viewpoint
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Švietimo akademija
Appears in Collections:SOTER: religijos mokslo žurnalas / SOTER: Journal of Religious Science 2008, nr. 25(53)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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