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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Filosofija / Philosophy (H001)
Author(s): Oniščik, Marija
Title: „Meilės“ sąvokos reikšmė tomistinėje onto-teo-logijoje
Other Title: The meaning of the notion of “love“ in thomistic onto-theo-logy
Is part of: Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 39 (2011)
Extent: p. 45-55
Date: 2011
Keywords: Meilė;Jausmas (pasija);Prigimtis;Panašumas;Santykis;Dalyvavimas (participatio);Love;Feeling (passion);Nature;Similitude;Relation;Participation
Abstract: Straipsnyje tęsiamas „mistinių“ šv. Tomo Akviniečio tekstų tyrinėjimas, sutelkiant dėmesį į „meilės“ sąvokos vartojimo ir reikšmės analizę. Pabrėžiamas svarbus meilės jausmo vaidmuo tomistinėje žmogaus prigimties sampratoje, nagrinėjamas meilės objekto pažinumas ir jo ontologinis statusas
The article aims to analyze and interpret the “mystical” terminology in St. Thomas Aquinas, questioning why Thomas speaks about “unspeakable” experience not in negative, but in affirmative way, which he calls “anal-ogy”. The investigation deals with the notion of “love” (amor) showing that there are some interesting ontologi-cal implications in how St. Thomas constructs his discourse about love. There are two main notions that are usually translated as “love”: amor and caritas. The possible termi-nological classification shows that amor, being a passion, usually belongs to the domain of psychology, and caritas, being a virtue, – to the domain of ethics. Both, however, belong to psychophysical human nature which, according to Thomas, was created by God in a state of grace with his only goal – beatitude, “knowing love” of God. The passion of love is a sensitive appetite which, on the one hand, links us to animals, and, on the other hand, can have supernatural consequences being a direct cause of mystical “elevation”, or extasis, in respect of the appetitive power in which feelings reside. Because of love human natural powers are elevated and this way integrated into the supernatural domain. Human feelings can be called “rational” because they participate in reason, thus fall into competence of the will or rational appetite, become conscionable experience and, accord-ing to Aristotelian view, obeys the virtues. Love (amor) is defined by Thomas as a fitness or inclination of the appetitive power to some extrinsic good according to human nature’s likeness or proportionality to the object of love. Speaking of love as a cause of exta-sis, Thomas reminds us that love can be twofold: amor amicitiaeand amor concupiscentiae (“the love of friend-ship” and “the love of desire”). [...]
Affiliation(s): Filosofijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:SOTER: religijos mokslo žurnalas / SOTER: Journal of Religious Science 2011, nr. 39(67)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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