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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Skučienė, Daiva
Title: Lietuvos pensijų politikos 2009–2015 m. ideologinės tendencijos
Other Title: Ideological trends in the Lithuanian pension policy in 2009–2015
Is part of: Kultūra ir visuomenė: socialinių tyrimų žurnalas, 2016, nr. 7(1), p. 79-92
Date: 2016
Keywords: Pensijos;Pensijų politika;Reformos;Neoliberalioji ar intervencinė tendencijos;Pensions;Pension policy;Pension reforms;Neoliberal/interventionist trends
Abstract: Straipsnyje aptariami ideologinės krypties poslinkiai šalies pensijų politikoje pastaraisiais 2009–2015 m. Paprastai pensijų politika ankstesniuose tyrimuose analizuojama remiantis pensijoms nustatytais tikslais atitinkamai socioekonominiams pokyčiams, naujai kylančių rizikų požiūriu, apsaugos nuo skurdo galimybėmis, reformų sėkmėmis ir nesėkmėmis ir t. t. Lietuvos pensijų politika paskutiniaisiais 2009–2015 m. taip pat yra viena iš svarbių politinės darbotvarkės sričių, todėl priimami ar siūlomi dokumentai šioje srityje leidžia atskleisti, kokia kryptimi – neoliberalia ar intervencine – formuojama pensijų politika. Straipsnyje remiamasi kokybine dokumentų turinio analize. Tyrimo rezultatai rodo daugiau mišrų pensijų politikos pobūdį, atliepiantį kylančius socialinius ekonominius iššūkius.
After the beginning of the financial crisis in Lithuania and the world, the demand to balance public finances arose in order to safeguard current liabilities due to lower budget revenues. Thus, the pensions constitute the major part of current payments. The issue of pensions remains relevant not only because of the crisis but also because of other socio-economic challenges. The aim of the article is to analyse the direction of the neoliberal or interventionist Lithuanian pension policy during the period of 2009–2015. Earlier studies related to the pension system were mostly focused on the purpose of the pension as well as on challenges caused by socio-economic changes (Eckardt 2005); (Fernandez 2012) new risks (Shuey, O’Rand 2006); prevention of poverty (Foster 2011) etc. The article is based on a qualitative document analysis. The following documents of 2009–2015 are analyzed: the Conception of the Pension Reform; the Benchmark Plan of the Reform of Pension System; the Law of Recalculation of Social Benefits and the Draft of Labor and State Social Insurance Juridical administrative Model. The methodological approach based on neoliberal/interventionist categories according to Frericks et al. (2009) is utilized in the article. The research findings demonstrate that during the analyzed period not pure neoliberal or interventionist but more mixed model of the pension policy prevailed in Lithuania. Socioeconomic challenges such as fiscal pressure, demographical ageing, the demand for more accurate private pension market supervision, for the decrease of social exclusion and for the assurance of higher financial equality through generations determined this model in the country.
Appears in Collections:Kultūra ir visuomenė: socialinių tyrimų žurnalas 2016, nr. 7(1)

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