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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Menotyra / History and theory of arts (H003)
Author(s): Butkevičienė, Jolita
Title: Architektūros paveldotvarkos teorinės minties raida
Other Title: The development of the theory of architectural heritage conservation
Is part of: Meno istorija ir kritika = Art history & criticism. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2008, [T.] 4 : Menas ir tapatumas
Extent: p. 199-213
Date: 2008
Keywords: Paveldotvarkos teorijos;Paveldotvarkos teorijų raida;Romantinis restauravimas;Stilistinis restauravimas;Rekonstravimas;Konservavimas;Kultūros paveldo autentiškumas;Eugène‘as Emanuelis Viollet le Ducas;Ruskinas, Johnas;Brandis, Cesare;Salvadoras Muñoz Viñas;Atėnų chartija;Venecijos chartija;Development of conservation theory;Scientific theory of conservation;Romantic restoration;Stylistic restoration;Restoration;Reconstruction;Conservation;Classical theories of conservation;Aesthetic theory of conservation;Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc;Ruskin, John;Brandi, Cesare;Salvador Muñoz Viñas;Authenticity of culture heritage;Sustainable development;Athens charter;Venice charter
Abstract: The historical development of architectural heritage preservation dates back to the 18th-19th centuries, when the ideas of romanticism permeated all the cultural areas. The formation of national identity and interest in romanticizing history caused people to contemplate over their past. The new attitude led to undertaking a series of tasks to ensure the preservation of the most significant architectural monuments. For example, the first works of anastylosis and reconstruction were carried out as well as the theory of analyzing the issues of how to preserve the cultural heritage was given a start. The first stage of development extending from the 19th to the mid-20th century, could be called the early period during which two different trends of heritage preservation emerged. Prevailing in a larger part of Europe, the early restoration theory and practice were orientated towards the romanticized restoring of architectural heritage objects. The most famous representative of this trend was a French architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc who brought evidence to building the concept of stylistic restoration by asserting that the genuine primary state of an object is not the one that is seen in practice but the one which was conceived for building. However, this approach to the architectural heritage was not only widely welcome but was also criticized. The movement against stylistic restoration emerged in England. It rested on an understanding that each object belongs to its specific historical and cultural context; therefore, it is impossible to recreate the signs of the past. The most famous theoretician of this movement was John Ruskin in whose opinion the only solution capable of preserving heritage was conservation. In the first part of the 20th century, when the idea of creative interpretation was rejected, it became possible to join the contrasting principles of restoration and conservation theories.[...]
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Art History & Criticism / Meno istorija ir kritika 2008, nr. 4
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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