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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Kuodys, Modestas
Title: Karo padėties represinių priemonių panaudojimas prieš katalikiškąją opoziciją Lietuvoje 1930–1932 m
Other Title: Martial law as an instrument of repression against the Catholic opposition in Lithuania (1930–1932)
Is part of: Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 47 (2013)
Extent: p. 19-30
Date: 2013
Note: e-ISSN 2335-8785
Keywords: Karo padėtis;Autoritarinis režimas;Katalikų Bažnyčia;Lietuvos Respublika;Martial law;Authoritarian regime;Catholic Church;Republic of Lithuania
Abstract: Pagrindinis šio straipsnio tikslas – įvertinti autoritarinio režimo Lietuvoje prieš katalikiškąją opoziciją 1930– 1932 m. naudotas karo padėties represines priemones ir jų viešą kritiką. Atlikta įvairių šaltinių ir istoriografijos analizė leidžia konstatuoti, kad tautininkų vyriausybės veiksmai katalikų dvasininkų ir katalikiškų organizacijų atžvilgiu buvo neadekvačiai griežti – jokios grėsmės valstybės suverenitetui ar viešajai tvarkai Katalikų akcija nekėlė. Todėl visai pagrįstai daugelis jos atstovų karo padėtį šalyje laikė politinio susidorojimo instrumentu
The main objective of this article is to assess the martial law situation repressive measures against the opposition of Catholic organizations, implemented by the authoritarian regime in Lithuania from 1930 to 1932. It also seeks to reveal how this repressive policy has been publicly criticized by the Catholic clergy. This study is based on the documents kept at the Lithuanian Central State Archive and published sources. Imposition of the martial law in the Republic of Lithuania (1919) changed the permanent internal legal regime, set in the Constitution, to exclusive, stricter, and setting greater limits on citizens’ rights and liberties regime. At the very same time the practice of administration of justice changed. In 1920–1926 the decisions, concerning the martial law, were entered by democratically elected parliament members, following the procedures, laid down in the Constitution. Every such political step spurred hot debates between the parliamentary majority of Christian democrats, standing for greater limitation of civil rights and liberties, and their persistent though not effective opponents from the left wing, first of all social democrats. During the period of parliamentary democracy in Lithuania the Christian democrats (with their party ideology mostly based on the authority of the Catholic Church) remained the most influential political power in the country. The issue of the martial law had become the value dilemma for Lithuanian political elite, the situation where a compromise could hardly be found. The martial law limited Lithuanian citizens’ possibilities to express their views in the press or public events. The permissions from the war superintendents, regional superiors were necessary for press and other printings, their making, organization of demonstrations, meetings, establishment of associations, parties. [...]
Affiliation(s): Istorijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:SOTER: religijos mokslo žurnalas / SOTER: Journal of Religious Science 2013, nr. 47(75)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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