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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Etnologija / Ethnology (H006)
Author(s): Kontrimaitė, Jolanta
Title: Kryžius lietuvių tautinio identiteto simbolikoje
Other Title: Cross in the symbolics of Lithuanian national identity
Is part of: Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 50 (2014)
Extent: p. 81-94
Date: 2014
Note: e-ISSN 2335-8785
Keywords: Kryžius;Kryždirbystė;Kryžių kalnas;Lietuvių tautinis identitetas;Tapatumo raiška;Simbolika;Cross;Cross-making;The Hill of Crosses;Lithuanian national identity;Expression of identity;Symbolics
Abstract: Straipsnyje nagrinėjamas lietuviško kryžiaus, kaip dvasinės ir materialinės kultūros objekto, simbolikos daugiareikšmiškumas. Liaudies meistrų sukurtas kryžius yra ne tik religinio, bet ir tautinio identiteto raiškos simbolis. Kryžių statymas – lietuvių tautos religinės bei tautinės saviraiškos reiškinys. Kryžių kalnas liudija lietuvių tautos religinį ir tautinį sąmoningumą. Tautinį identitetą atspindi atkaklus kryžių statymas draudimo metais, intencijų įrašų turinys. Kryžius yra tapęs tautos laisvės simboliu
Lithuania has experienced historical periods of losing and restoring the statehood, which resulted in social and cultural changes. Lithuanians have a lot of options and necessity to express their national identity in various forms and ways. Various spiritual and material culture objects have become symbols of national identity. Folk artists created crosses that were built not only in churches, churchyards, cemeteries, but also in villages, towns, streets, in front of public buildings, roadsides, picturesque places on hills or near springs. The cross has gained polysemous importance in particularly difficult historical periods during occupation. The object of the research – crosses created by Lithuanian folk artists. The aim is to look in crosses created by folk artists as a definition of national identity symbol. Objectives: 1) to discuss the originality and exclusivity of Lithuanian crosses; 2) to reveal the cross as becoming the symbol of Lithuanian identity; 3) to reveal the importance of the cross as Lithuanian symbolic tool for resistance during the periods of occupation; 4) to discuss the value of the Hill of Crosses as religious and national symbol of consciousness. Methods: literary analysis, synthesis and interpretation. The presented problem is the twofold nature of the symbolism of the cross: Lithuanian cross is not only religious symbol, but also that of national identity. The main conclusion indicates that Lithuanian crosses are unique and distinctive in their form, details of artistic expression and variety of characters. Part of symbols used in Lithuanian crosses are of non-Christian origin, but inherited from the ancient pre-Christian Lithuanian culture; therefore the crosses are even more distinctive and particularly exclusive folk art objects. [...]
Affiliation(s): Humanitarinių mokslų fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:SOTER: religijos mokslo žurnalas / SOTER: Journal of Religious Science 2014, nr. 50(78)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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