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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Šniaukštaitė, Erika
Title: Libaniečių diasporos keliais
Other Title: The paths of the Lebanese diaspora
Is part of: Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2014, nr. 1 (17)
Extent: p. 101-112
Date: 2014
Keywords: Libaniečiai;Diaspora;Lebanese;Diaspora
Abstract: The Lebanese are not a sedentary people. Already since the 17th century onwards their merchants have been migrating from one country to another creating commercial networks between the Near East and Europe. Although migration is nothing new to this nation, it became pronounced from 1880 onwards, and it continues vigorously to our own day. The Lebanese diaspora formed as a result of five distinct emigration waves. The first dates from 1880 to 1914, when large numbers of people left Lebanon because of the restrictions imposed by the Ottoman Empire or just in search of a better way of life. The second wave from 1915 to 1945 was neither uniform nor very large. The third wave from 1943 to 1975 consisted of those escaping from high unemployment and/or the Arab-Israeli war. The fourth wave from 1975 to 1990 displaced more than 800.000 families due to the civil war. The fifth wave lasting till today has been sweeping up those in search of a better life and more educational opportunities. These five waves of Lebanese migration created huge communities strewn all over the world. We can find Lebanese minorities in many European countries, including Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Austria, and France; the latter has the world‘s largest Lebanese diaspora and a very prosperous one indeed. There are also Lebanese communities in West African countries such as Sierra Leone, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, and Senegal. In the last-mentioned country the Lebanese have been, and still are, active in commerce and business, thereby contributing to that country‘s economic growth. A Lebanese diaspora functions in Australia, Brazil, the United States, and Persian Gulf countries as well. From the very beginning of their migration, the Lebanese largely oriented themselves toward trade. Thus in Senegal they exported nuts; in the Gulf states they drilled for oil; and in Australia they traded textiles and built retail chains. [...]
Affiliation(s): Humanitarinių mokslų fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2014, nr. 1(17)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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