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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Sociologija / Sociology (S005)
Author(s): Pruskus, Valdas
Title: Lietuvos katalikų bažnyčios dvasininkai KGB objektyve: verbavimo tikslai, ypatumai ir formos
Other Title: Lithuanian catholic priests targeted by the KGB: purposes, forms and circumstances of recruitment
Is part of: Darbai ir dienos. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla., 2007, nr. 47
Extent: p. 183-199
Date: 2007
Abstract: The Soviet government fought against the Lithuanian Catholic Church, considering the Church a serious obstacle to achieving its ambitious goal of an atheist Lithuania. The government enlisted the help of the special services (KGB), which used dual methods of coercion, external, such as the persecution of priests and the closing of churches (converted to secular quarters) and internal. Internal measures included the recruitment of priests for the purpose of gathering information about the priesthood and the Church. In this way the government hoped to influence and controls the Church from the inside. The strategy of undermining religious institutions through informers was customary practice in the Soviet Union. However, in Lithuania it acquired a special significance. Because of historical circumstances, methods of recruitment changed from one period to another. In 1945-1960 most of the attention was paid to recruiting the hierarchs. If the special services failed to recruit a bishop, they could turn to a priest connected with the partisan movement. There were few priests who could withstand the brutal methods of the secret services; their links with the KGB were generally noticed by both believers and colleagues. Suspected priests had to constantly change their workplace and residence, some were sent by the security services to other republics of the Soviet Union. From 1956 to 1970 a great deal of attention was also paid to the young men who wanted to enter the seminary. The KGB had important leverage in its hands: it fully controlled the entrance of students to the only seminary that remained open, in Kaunas. By supporting and helping to advance the careers of those who agreed to cooperate, security services tried to influence both the local heads of the Church and the Vatican. From 1970 to 1989 efforts to recruit priests continued, but they did so under conditions of lesser leverage
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Švietimo akademija
Appears in Collections:Darbai ir dienos / Deeds and Days 2007, nr. 47
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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