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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Kasza, Justyna Weronika
Title: The cognitive functions of «distanciation»: the Image of Japan in the works of Endō Shūsaku
Other Title: Kognityvinės erdvės suvokimo funkcijos: Japonijos įvaizdis Endō Shūsaku kūryboje
Is part of: Regioninės studijos. 2010, [No.] 4, Japan as images: crossing viewpoints of Europe and Japan, p. 35-50
Date: 2010
Keywords: Endō Shūsaku;Experience;Ricoeur;Distance;Distanciation Endō Shūsaku;Patirtis;Ricoeur;Erdvė;Erdvės suvokimas
Abstract: The proposed paper focuses on an approach to the selected works by Endō Shūsaku from the perspective of the hermeneutical category “distance-distanciation” as set forth by Paul Ricoeur. The analysis of this category enables, in my opinion, the unveiling of the image of Japan as seen through the eyes of Endō as a writer whose interests spanned both the Western culture and his own cultural background. Looking at Endō’s writing from the point of view of Ricouerian hermeneutics enables us to classify the dimensions of distance that the writer uses (cultural, historical, geographical). Distance constitutes a specific and important medium on the way towards understanding. Adopting the cognitive perspective of “distance-distanciation” makes it possible to distinguish other categories contained in the process of ‘reading-understanding- writing’; the problems of subjectivity, otherness, identity etc. By applying them to Endō’s works, we are able to see how extremely complicated forms the principle of distance may assume. Endō’s writings were shaped by his keen interest in Western literature, especially by the works of F. Mauriac, G. Bernanos, J. Green, A. Gide. Based on their literature, he approached the issues significant for himself (the problem of evil), overcoming the distance to the Western culture. Concurrently, he entered into the sphere of distance towards his own culture. By setting the background of his novels in the Japanese reality, and through active participation in Japan’s intellectual life, he adopted an attitude of searching for answers to dilemmas he encountered in what resulted from experiencing distance. Therefore, I will argue that the attractiveness of both his essays and his fiction lies in the fact that the writer recognized the positive and creative function of distance.
Šiame darbe tyrinėjama, kaip vakarietiško pasaulio diskurse apie japonų fotografiją dominuoja mitai, opozicijos bei paprastas, nesudėtingas kultūrinio vertimo supratimas. Užuot prisijungęs prie tų, kurie teigia dažnai neteisingai suvoktas kultūrines ribas ir atsisakydamas išankstinių nusistatymų, manau, kad reikalinga nauja paradigma tam, kad galėtume analizuoti bei skleisti japonų fotografiją. Nors koncentravausi į parodų katalogus bei knygas apie japonų fotografiją, esu įsitikinęs, jog šis darbas siekia daugiau nei vien fotografija. Iš tiesų jis nėra vien apie tai, kaip japonų fotografija suvokiama vakaruose, bet ir kaip „Japonijos įvaizdžio“ konstravimas, pavyzdžiui, per fotografiją, tiesiogiai tampa labai sudėtingo diskurso, kuriame atsiskleidžia nuolatinis topografinis, lingvistinis ir kultūrinis supriešinimas „sava – svetima.“
Affiliation(s): Publication of this volume of “Regioninės studijos” is sponsored by Japan Foundation
Appears in Collections:2010 Regioninės studijos, [vol.] 4

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