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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Politikos mokslai / Political sciences (S002)
Author(s): Lingė, Giedrius
Title: „Inkvizitoriaus dilema“ Vidurio ir Rytų Europai
Other Title: “Torturer’s dilemma” for Central and Eastern Europe
Is part of: Jaunųjų politologų almanachas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2004 [T. 1]
Extent: p. 139-157
Date: 2004
Note: „Jaunųjų politologų almanachas" nuo Nr. 3 pakeitė pavadinimą į „Politikos mokslų almanachas“
Keywords: Vidurio ir Rytų Europa;Demokratija;Central and Eastern Europe;Democracy
ISBN: 9955120371
Abstract: Šis darbas pratęsia naujų demokratijų santykio su buvusiu nedemokratiniu režimu tyrimą, atliktą autoriaus bakalauriniame darbe, aktualizuodamas jį demokratiją atkūrusios Vidurio ir Rytų Europos situacijai. Pasinaudojant ankstesniame darbe pristatytu modeliu, kuris santykio su buvusiu režimu galimybes klasifikuoja per to režimo tipo ir jo baigties aplinkybių sąveiką, siekiama pagrįsti bendra komunistine praeitimi pridengtus regiono valstybių demokratinės tranzicijos skirtumus. Atitinkamai paaiškinami naujų lyderių pasirinkti nevienodi keliai, sprendžiant komunistų partijos struktūrų ir atskirų veikėjų atsakomybės problemą
The article furthers the research on the relation of democratizing states with their former non-democratic regimes by focusing on the situation in the Central and Eastern Europe’s re-established democracies. The author utilizes his previously introduced research framework, based on the assessment (and interplay) of the type of the regime and the manner in which it ended. This serves to emphasize differences in the democratic transition of the region’s states and, accordingly, the various paths chosen by new leaders in dealing with the problem of Communist party activist responsibility. The article also touches upon structural and psychological legacy of Communism. Along with glaring commonalities of the former Communist bloc, there were specific issues as well. In short, the findings reflect the following: 1 ) The transition of Hungary, in many aspects, replicates the “reforma pactada” formula. Partially, this holds true for Poland, too, but its position was complicated by limits on democratic representation set via the pact, that ring more of those achieved by military hierarchy in the event of extrication. The two states may be viewed as hardly favorable to the purge of old apparatus, despite the Poles’ formal lustration laws. 2) In the Czech Republic and former East Germany (GDR), the situation became favorable to the prosecution of regime’s activists, as the stagnating post-totalitarianism simply collapsed in those countries leaving a power vacuum, without a possibility to mobilize in self-defence. However, the broad range purges, that ensued in these states, much too often came in contradiction with the principles of rule of law and universal human rights. 3) The Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia) did not experience direct collapse of the system, even though they also had just gone through stagnation.[...]
Affiliation(s): Politikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakult.
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Jaunųjų politologų almanachas 2004, [t.] 1
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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