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Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Politikos mokslai / Political sciences (S002)
Author(s): Žukaitė, Gintarė
Title: Kolumbijos konfliktas - šiuolaikinio pilietinio karo atvejis
Other Title: Colombian conflict - example of contemporary civil war
Is part of: Politikos mokslų almanachas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 4 (2008)
Extent: p. 79-95
Date: 2008
Keywords: Kolumbija;Konfliktas;Pilietinis karas;Conflict;Colombia;Civil war
Abstract: Kolumbijos konfliktas – vienas didžiausių konfliktų, vykstančių Vakarų pusrutulyje. Jis prasidėjo 1964 m. ir tęsiasi iki šiol. Jį lėmė daugybė tarpusavyje susipynusių politinių, ekonominių ir socialinių faktorių. Šis konfliktas vertinamas labai įvairiai, tačiau daugelis sutinka, kad tai labai sudėtingas pilietinis karas, kuriam įveikti reikia daug pastangų ir laiko. Dabar imtasi pačių intensyviausių priemonių, kad būtų rasta išeitis iš tokios sudėtingos situacijos. Šiame straipsnyje bus aptartas konflikto tipas, priežastys, eiga, dabartinė situacija bei mėginimai spręsti konfliktą
Colombia’s internal conflict is one of the longest running and the most challenging and violent conflicts in Western hemisphere. It has killed about 400 000 civilians, and displaced more than 3 million people. All the spheres of the state and society were affected by violence. Conflict also has impact beyond Colombia’s borders, spilling into the region with consequences for migration, borders, regional relations as well as international policy and engagement. Moreover, it is closely related to illicit drug industry. This conflict broke out because of many reasons. First of all, there were political causes. Democracy was limited; only two parties could have participated in the politics. Moreover, they always competed with each other. Also institutions were weak and corrupt. Secondly, it is very important to take into account economical and social causes. Almost all arable land belonged to a small group of rich people and the poor ones didn’t have any of it. 70 % of people lived below poverty line, there was a big gap between rich and poor, unemployment rates were very high. So for these reasons guerilla groups were formed. The main fighters of the conflict are ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional) and FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia). They are the oldest guerilla groups in the world. Since the mid-1980’s they have become financially dependant on criminal activities, such as drug trafficking, extortion and kidnapping. In 1996 paramilitary group AUC (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia) was formed. Now it is demobilized, but still there are a lot of problems related with it. There are different opinions about this conflict. Mostly it is agreed that Colombian conflict is a very serious civil war and that it is necessary to take measures to solve it. However, some scientists believe that this conflict is internal but not civil war. Still they agree that it is very dangerous.[...]
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Politikos mokslų almanachas 2008, [t.] 4
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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