Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/32013
Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Politikos mokslai / Political sciences (S002)
Author(s): Banys, Jonas
Title: Pakistano – Afganistano pasienio krizė
Other Title: Understanding the Pakistan-Afganistan frontier crisis
Is part of: Politikos mokslų almanachas [elektroninis išteklius]. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 7 (2010)
Extent: p. 115-139
Date: 2010
Keywords: FATA;Pakistano – Afganistano pasienis;Puštūnai;Talibanas;Kova su terorizmu;Sukilėliai;FATA;Pakistan – Afghanistan border;Pashtuns;Taliban;Insurgents;War on terror
Abstract: Pakistaną bei Afganistaną skirianti Durand linija yra pati pavojingiausia šių valstybių pasienio riba. Kabulas niekada nepripažino šios linijos kaip tarptautinės tarpvalstybinės sienos tvirtindamas, kad puštūnų teritorijos Pakistane – FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas) ir dalis NWFP (North West Frontier Province) yra neteisėtai atskirtos nuo Afganistano. Teroristinio smurto banga Pakistano – Afganistano pasienio ruože pastebimai augo nuo Talibano režimo nuvertimo Kabule 2001 m. Dalyje pasienio teritorijos įsitvirtino džihadistų grupuotės bei teroristinių tinklų vadai. Paskutiniuosius keletą metų Jungtinių Amerikos Valstijų žvalgybos tarnybų ataskaitose vis didesnis dėmesys skiriamas Pakistano – Afganistano pasienio regione atgimstančiam ir stiprėjančiam Talibanui bei stiprėjančiai al-Qaeda grupuotei. Vašingtono bei NATO strategams darosi akivaizdu, kad norint laimėti karą Afganistane, negalima ignoruoti chaoso Pakistano gentinėse teritorijose
Pakistan and Afghanistan share border – Durand Line, it remains the most dangerous portion of both countries international borders. Kabul has never recognized the line as an international border, instead claiming that Pashtun territories in Pakistan that comprise the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and parts of North West Frontier Province along the border, were illegally separated from Afghanistan. The Afghan government insists Pakistan increase security and stop incursions by Taliban insurgents into country. As the tribal lands continue to serve as a training base for terrorists and the Taliban, deploying Pakistani troops into the region has harmed efforts to integrate the tribal areas into Pakistan. The wave of militant violence have increased on both sides of the Pakistan-Afghanistan border since 2001, when a US-led military coalition invaded Afghanistan and the Taliban regime collapsed. In the last several years, United States intelligence reports have repeatedly attributed the growing strength and resurgence of Taliban and al- Qaeda to safe havens in this border region. There is growing consensus in Washington and NATO headquarters that to win the war in Afghanistan, it had to address the chaos in Pakistan’s tribal areas. Pakistan’s civilian politicians are not strong enough to accept U.S. demands if it means contradicting the army’s policies. Pakistan’s premier intelligence service, Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), has been accused of arming, training, and providing logistical support to militants in Kashmir and Afghanistan. Pakistan denies any ongoing collaboration between the ISI and militants, stressing a change of course after September 11, 2001.[...]
Internet: https://www.vdu.lt/cris/bitstream/20.500.12259/32013/1/2335-7185_2010_V_7.PG_115_139.pdf
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/32013
Affiliation(s): Politikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakult.
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Politikos mokslų almanachas 2010, [t.] 7
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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