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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Błaszczak, Tomasz
Title: Klaudijus Dušauskas- Duž (1891–1959). Kauno architekto biografijos apybraiža
Other Title: Klaudijus Dušauskas-Duž (1891–1959) : an overview of the Kaunas architect’s biography
Is part of: Kauno istorijos metraštis, 2011, nr. 11, p. 25-43
Date: 2011
Keywords: Architektūra;Tarpukaris;Biografija;Architecture;Interwar;Biography
Abstract: Klaudijaus Dušausko-Duž asmenybė mažai žinoma tiek jo gimtinėje Baltarusijoje, tiek Kaune, kur praėjo didžiausia architekto gyvenimo dalis. Nors trumpus gyvenimo aprašymus galima rasti tiek lietuviškuose, tiek baltarusiškuose enciklopedinio pobūdžio leidiniuose, niekur neįmanoma užtikti visos K. Dušausko biografijos. Šio darbo tikslas – pristatyti skaitytojui svarbiausius K. Dušausko gyvenimo įvykius ir darbus, labiausiai atkreipiant dėmesį į epizodus, kurie susiję su Kauno miestu.
This article sketches a biography of K. Dušauskas-Duž, one of the forgotten heroes of the Belarusian national movement at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as one of the most active architects and engineers in the First Republic of Lithuania. While his impact on the Belarusian national movement has been studied somewhat since Belarus gained independence in 1991, he is almost completely forgotten in Lithuania, even though his works survived the turmoil of the 20th century and can still be seen in the landscape of Kaunas and other Lithuanian cities. Born in the small city of Hlybokaye in the Witebsk governorate, Dušauskas- Duž was brought up in Polish culture but, while living and studying in Vilnius and St. Petersburg, he joined the Belarusian national movement and was very active in student organizations. After the Russian revolution, he was actively involved in political work in various Belarusian organizations in St. Petersburg, then in Minsk and Vilnius. He is believed to have designed a draft Belarusian white-red-white national flag. After the Polish seizure of Vilnius in 1920, he decided to move to Kaunas, where he was a secretary of the Council of the Belarusian People’s Republic in exile. After the Council moved to Prague in 1923, he stayed in Kaunas, where he remained for the rest of his life. In 1927, Dušauskas-Duž graduated from the Faculty of Technology at the University of Lithuania with an engineering degree. For many years, he worked as a building and construction expert in the Postal Service Department in the Ministry of Interior. In addition to post office buildings and other buildings used in communications, he designed several private houses in the centre of Kaunas, most of which still exist on the city map. In the 1930s, he was also a social activist in various Lithuanian and Belarusian organizations. After the Soviet occupation in 1940, Dušauskas-Duž was immediately arrested by the State Security Services and set free only after the German attack on the Soviet Union. During the Nazi occupation, he worked as an engineer; however, he spent a few months in a concentration camp in Pravieniškės after being caught hiding Jews. The return of Soviet rule in Lithuania brought new dangers for him and his family. He spent one-third of the next fifteen years in prisons. He lost his health in Soviet prisons and passed away in 1959. In 2004, the Life Saving Cross was conferred upon him and his wife, Elena, for rescuing Jews during World War II.
Appears in Collections:Kauno istorijos metraštis 2011, nr. 11

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